PCV Theory Test

Free PCV Theory Test


You have 115 minutes (1 hour 55 minutes) to answer 100 multiple choice PCV theory test questions. You must score at least 85 out of 100 to pass the test. Answers may be checked after each question or you can wait until the end of the test to view your results. Best of luck!

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A When driving near airports
B When driving over narrow bridges
C When driving under overhead cables
D When driving up steep hills
Correct Answer: C When driving under overhead cables
Explanation: You must take care when approaching any hazard where height is limited. Know the height of your vehicle and what you can drive under safely. If you aren't sure that it's safe, take another route.
A End of crawler lane
B End of hard shoulder
C End of restriction
D End of weight limit
Correct Answer: C End of restriction
Explanation: Look out for variable-message warning signs telling you about
  • lane closures
  • speed limits
  • hazards.
When you're clear of the restriction, you'll see a sign telling you that it has ended.
A They can be given three warnings
B They can be heavily fined
C They can be let off if they're new to using tachographs
D They can have their passport withdrawn
Correct Answer: B They can be heavily fined
Explanation: The driver must take responsibility and follow the drivers' hours and tachograph rules. Failure to do so can result in legal action and penalties - such as a fine.
A 40 hours
B 41 hours
C 42 hours
D 45 hours
Correct Answer: D 45 hours
Explanation: The working week is defined as from 00.00 hours on Monday to 24.00 hours on the following Sunday. When taking the weekly rest period, a daily rest period must normally be extended to at least 45 consecutive hours.
A Apply firm pressure to the wound
B Dab the wound to stop the bleeding
C Fetch them a warm drink
D Keep both legs flat on the ground
Correct Answer: A Apply firm pressure to the wound
Explanation: Lift the pedestrian's leg so that the wound is higher than their heart. This should reduce the flow of blood. Check that the limb isn't broken and there's nothing in the wound before applying pressure over it.
A Continue your journey
B Drive to the nearest tyre depot
C Park and phone for assistance
D Use a nut from another wheel
Correct Answer: C Park and phone for assistance
Explanation: If you notice any missing wheel nuts, park and phone for assistance. It's essential that all wheel fixings are in place and tightened to the torque specified by the manufacturer. Checks should be made before you start any journey, but make a visual check every time you start up again after a rest stop.
A Continue slowly to the next service area
B Leave the motorway at the next exit
C Stop immediately in the lane you're in
D Stop on the hard shoulder as soon as possible
Correct Answer: D Stop on the hard shoulder as soon as possible
Explanation: If the air-pressure warning activates, you should have enough air to allow you to stop safely on the hard shoulder. Don't delay stopping, as further loss of air may cause the brakes to lock on. Switch on the hazard warning lights. Use the nearest emergency telephone to call for assistance.
A Continue driving to the nearest repair centre
B Continue your journey at a slower speed
C Park and get help
D Return to the depot
Correct Answer: C Park and get help
Explanation: Faulty power steering will make your steering wheel very difficult or almost impossible to turn. Continuing to drive could cause danger to you and other road users. You should park safely and get help.
A Five-eighths
B One-half
C One-quarter
D Three-quarters
Correct Answer: D Three-quarters
Explanation: Keeping your vehicle's tyres in good condition will give them a good grip on the road and will improve the vehicle's overall stability. Each tyre must have at least the minimum legal depth of tread across three-quarters of its width. Renew tyres well before they wear to less than that.
A Adjust your seat properly
B Have a sun visor fitted
C Keep your lights clean
D Keep your windows open
Correct Answer: A Adjust your seat properly
Explanation: You must make sure that you adjust the seat so that you're able to reach all the controls and see in all the mirrors before you start to drive any vehicle. You should also be able to lean out of the window and check your offside blind spots.
A By avoiding high gears
B By braking in good time
C By increasing your overall speed
D By reducing rest periods
Correct Answer: B By braking in good time
Explanation: Good forward planning will reduce fuel consumption and engine emissions. This will cause less wear on the vehicle and its tyres, as well as reducing environmental pollution.
A End of clearway
B End of cycle route
C End of restricted parking area
D End of restricted speed area
Correct Answer: C End of restricted parking area
Explanation: Even though there are no restrictions, make sure that you park where you won't cause an obstruction or endanger other road users.
A Larger vehicles
B Oncoming traffic
C Smaller vehicles
D You have priority
Correct Answer: B Oncoming traffic
Explanation: When you see this sign, you must give way to traffic from the opposite direction, regardless of the size of your vehicle.
A Carbon dioxide (black)
B Dry powder (blue)
C Foam (cream)
D Water (red)
Correct Answer: D Water (red)
Explanation: It's very important to know the correct fire extinguisher to use. They'll carry a coloured label or badge telling you their contents. Make sure you learn which extinguisher is which, as using the wrong one could be dangerous and may spread the fire further. For example, you should never use a water extinguisher on burning oil.
A The effect of strong side wind
B The overhanging bridge cables
C The swaying of the bridge
D The width of the lanes
Correct Answer: A The effect of strong side wind
Explanation: On exposed bridges, the wind can be particularly strong. If the bridge has two lanes, one may be closed in windy conditions to act as a buffer lane. In severe conditions, these bridges are often closed to high-sided vehicles, caravans and motorcycles.
A Into the carburettors
B Into the combustion chamber
C Into the crankcase
D Into the manifold
Correct Answer: B Into the combustion chamber
Explanation: Most diesel engines use a high-pressure fuel-injector system that will deliver pressurised fuel directly into the combustion chamber of the engine. This system is known as a direct-injection engine.
A Motorways
B One-way streets
C Shopping areas
D Wooded areas
Correct Answer: C Shopping areas
Explanation: In shopping areas, pedestrians frequently want to cross the road. They may be hidden by parked vehicles before stepping out into your path. Keep your speed down and be aware of the risk of pedestrians suddenly walking into the road.
A Leaving plenty of room
B Powerful brake lights
C Reacting too early
D The noise of your vehicle
Correct Answer: D The noise of your vehicle
Explanation: The hiss of air-assisted mechanisms, as well as engine noise, can easily startle horses. Keep the noise to a minimum by gentle use of the brakes and, if necessary, stopping and turning your engine off.
A In contraflow systems
B In service areas
C On exposed sections
D When passing signs
Correct Answer: C On exposed sections
Explanation: Motorways often have exposed sections of road, placing high-sided vehicles at risk in side wind. When there are extremes of weather, listen to and watch out for weather forecasts. That way, you can plan your journey for the safest time, or make a decision on whether you should travel at all.
A Only lorries and buses are allowed to use that lane
B There's a long uphill gradient ahead
C There's a steep downhill section ahead
D Vehicles fitted with speed limiters must use that lane
Correct Answer: B There's a long uphill gradient ahead
Explanation: Where a motorway has a long or steep gradient, slow-moving large vehicles might get in the way of other traffic. To help the traffic flow, an extra lane - called a crawler lane - is sometimes found on these gradients. This helps the traffic to flow by providing the slower heavy vehicles with a dedicated lane on the left.
A It will allow heavier loads to be carried
B It will increase fuel bills
C It will reduce breakdowns
D It will reduce insurance premiums
Correct Answer: C It will reduce breakdowns
Explanation: You can reduce the chance of a breakdown with routine maintenance and regular checks on your vehicle.
A By avoiding bad weather
B By driving slowly
C By regular cleaning
D By regular servicing
Correct Answer: D By regular servicing
Explanation: Following the vehicle manufacturer's guidelines for service intervals will enable worn components to be replaced before they fail. This will help prevent costly breakdowns.
A When carrying out a hill start
B When driving slowly
C When making an emergency stop
D When reversing
Correct Answer: D When reversing
Explanation: You can legally remove your seat belt when carrying out a manoeuvre that involves reversing. Don't forget to put it back on again when you've finished.
A Car drivers towing caravans
B Coach drivers
C Lorry drivers
D Tractor drivers
Correct Answer: A Car drivers towing caravans
Explanation: emember that the buffeting caused by large vehicles can affect other road users, including
  • cars towing caravans
  • motorcyclists.

A Curtain-sided vehicles
B Front-wheel-drive vehicles
C Slow-moving vehicles
D Track-laying vehicles
Correct Answer: A Curtain-sided vehicles
Explanation: In very windy conditions, certain types of vehicle can be blown off course. These include box vans, curtain-siders, caravans and motorcycles. Make allowances for how the wind might affect these vehicles, especially if you're overtaking.
A To avoid puncturing the tyres
B To avoid splashing pedestrians
C To improve their view around the bend
D To reduce the risk of skidding
Correct Answer: D To reduce the risk of skidding
Explanation: Drain covers usually have a metal surface. When wet, these covers are slippery and can cause a motorcycle to skid; be prepared for riders to avoid them.
A To clear mud from the tyres on building sites
B To reduce spray on wet roads
C To remove objects from the tyre tread
D To stop snow building up behind the wheel
Correct Answer: B To reduce spray on wet roads
Explanation: The brushes are part of a spray-suppression system. They reduce the amount of water thrown up at the sides and rear of the vehicle. Check them regularly for security. If they become worn, make sure they're replaced.
28. What's 'brake fade'? Mark one answer
A Low hydraulic brake fluid level
B Reduction of air pressure
C Reduction of braking effectiveness
D Smooth progressive braking
Correct Answer: C Reduction of braking effectiveness
Explanation: Continually using the brakes could cause them to overheat. When that happens, they become less effective. This is called brake fade, and it occurs most often when the driver has to control the vehicle's speed on a long downhill gradient. To help prevent brake fade, use the endurance brake (retarder) and a lower gear to keep the vehicle's speed in check, rather than the wheel-mounted brakes.
A There's no need to alter the way you brake
B There's no need to brake so early
C You'll be able to brake much later
D You'll need to brake more firmly
Correct Answer: A There's no need to alter the way you brake
Explanation: Plan well ahead to enable you to brake normally. Don't rely on anti-lock brakes to compensate for deficiencies in your driving.
A On long downhill slopes
B On motorways only
C When braking quickly
D When you stop or park
Correct Answer: A On long downhill slopes
Explanation: An endurance brake can help to control your speed on long downhill slopes without using the service brake. Reducing the use of the service brake helps to prevent the brakes from overheating and reduces the risk of brake fade.
A Drink plenty of water
B Drive only at night
C Make short journeys only
D Seek medical advice
Correct Answer: D Seek medical advice
Explanation: Check all medicines for their side-effects, such as drowsiness. If you're unsure, ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain how you might be affected by the medication.
A Carry on, but drive slowly
B Leave the motorway at the next exit
C Stop on the hard shoulder for a rest
D Try to complete your journey more quickly
Correct Answer: B Leave the motorway at the next exit
Explanation: Don't continue to drive if you feel the onset of tiredness. Find a safe place to stop for a rest. Walking around in the fresh air during your break will help but it's no substitute for adequate rest.
Correct Answer: B The left-hand lane
Explanation: The red studs on your left indicate the edge of the hard shoulder, while the white studs are used between the lanes. Using more than one reference point will help you to be certain of your position.
A To enable emergency vehicles to get quickly to the scene of an incident
B To enable large vehicles to park out of the way
C To enable other traffic to overtake on the nearside
D To enable slow-moving traffic to move further over to the left on uphill gradients
Correct Answer: D To enable slow-moving traffic to move further over to the left on uphill gradients
Explanation: On a motorway where there's a long uphill gradient, there may be a crawler lane. This helps the traffic to flow by making an extra lane available on the left for slower, heavy vehicles.
A Drive very close to the vehicle in front
B Flash your headlights at oncoming traffic
C Look ahead for road junctions
D Make a final check in your left-hand mirror
Correct Answer: C Look ahead for road junctions
Explanation: Before overtaking, you need to make sure it's safe to carry out the manoeuvre. As part of your check, look well ahead for road junctions. You shouldn't overtake as you approach a road junction, because if a vehicle emerges, or has to wait to turn, you could risk a collision.
A When the speed limit has been reduced
B When you would have to break the speed limit
C When you're approaching motorway slip roads
D When your view of the road ahead is clear
Correct Answer: B When you would have to break the speed limit
Explanation: Never commit yourself to overtaking unless you're absolutely certain that you have the time and space to complete the manoeuvre safely. Don't take any risks that will endanger other road users.
A Change quickly to a higher gear
B Check your position in the left-hand mirror
C Close right up before pulling out
D Look well ahead for uphill gradients
Correct Answer: D Look well ahead for uphill gradients
Explanation: Plan your overtaking carefully. The weight of your vehicle, combined with the restrictions imposed by a speed limiter, is likely to make your vehicle lose speed on uphill gradients. You should take this into consideration before attempting to overtake another moving vehicle.
A Cyclists can use it
B It's controlled by a traffic warden
C It's controlled by two flashing lights
D Moped riders can use it
Correct Answer: A Cyclists can use it
Explanation: Pedestrians and cyclists are shown the green light together. The signals are push-button-operated and there's no flashing amber phase.
A A route for cyclists only
B A route for pedestrians and cyclists
C A route for pedestrians only
D No route for pedestrians and cyclists
Correct Answer: B A route for pedestrians and cyclists
Explanation: This shared route is for pedestrians and cyclists only. Be aware that, when it ends, the cyclists will be rejoining the main road.
A Go around the cyclist on the junction
B Hold back until the cyclist has passed the junction
C Overtake the cyclist before the junction
D Pull alongside the cyclist and stay level until after the junction
Correct Answer: B Hold back until the cyclist has passed the junction
Explanation: Make allowances for cyclists. Allow them plenty of room, and be aware that they also have to deal with hazards. They might swerve or change direction suddenly to avoid uneven road surfaces.
A To check for emerging traffic
B To check for overtaking vehicles
C To look for pedestrians about to cross
D To make sure the side road is clear
Correct Answer: B To check for overtaking vehicles
Explanation: Always check your right-hand mirror and blind spot just before you make a right turn, as another vehicle could be overtaking you. Motorcyclists often filter along the outside of traffic queues. Keep checking all your mirrors while you're waiting to turn, because situations behind you can change quickly.
A Continue driving at the same speed and flash your headlights
B Continue driving at the same speed and sound your horn
C Slow down and be prepared to stop for children
D Stop and wave the children across to fetch their ball
Correct Answer: C Slow down and be prepared to stop for children
Explanation: Beware of children playing in the street and running out into the road. If a ball bounces out from the pavement, slow down and stop if necessary. Don't encourage anyone to fetch the ball from the road. Other road users might not see your signal and you might lead a child into danger.
A At a filling station
B At a road junction
C Near a service area
D When entering a car park
Correct Answer: B At a road junction
Explanation: Motorcyclists and cyclists are smaller and usually more difficult to see than other vehicles. Look out for them at junctions; failing to see them can lead to a collision.
A Make the call but take extra care
B Reduce speed while you make the call
C Stop in a safe place before making the call
D Use the cruise control while you're making the call
Correct Answer: C Stop in a safe place before making the call
Explanation: It's illegal to use a hand-held mobile phone while you're driving, other than to call 999 or 112 in a genuine emergency. Switch it off before you start driving and use the messaging facility. You can pick up messages when you stop for a rest break. If you must make a call, stop in a safe place before using the phone.
A Your attention will be diverted from the road
B Your field of vision will be reduced
C Your vehicle will be harder to steer
D Your vehicle's electronic systems will be disrupted
Correct Answer: A Your attention will be diverted from the road
Explanation: Driving today requires all of your attention, all of the time. Any distraction, however brief, is dangerous. This is why it's illegal to use a hand-held mobile phone while you're driving.
A It will divert your attention
B It will improve your safety
C It will increase your concentration
D It will reduce your view
Correct Answer: A It will divert your attention
Explanation: While you're using a phone, your attention will be divided between the call and the road. This means you're unable to take in all that's happening around your vehicle. You need to be concentrating on your driving all of the time, and especially when dealing with a hazard.
Correct Answer: D Two days
Explanation: Under EU rules, your normal daily driving time mustn't exceed nine hours. This nine-hour period is defined as the time between
  • any two daily rest periods, or
  • a daily rest period and a weekly rest period.
You're allowed to extend these hours to 10 hours twice a week.
A Always operating in cool weather
B Frequent gear changing in varying conditions
C Mixing tyres with different tread depth
D Running tyres under-inflated
Correct Answer: D Running tyres under-inflated
Explanation: Tyres can become very hot during sustained high-speed driving. If they're under-inflated or damaged, there's a risk they'll burst or disintegrate. Check for excessive heat when you stop for a break.
A Allow extra room in case the rider swerves to avoid potholes
B Drive close behind and get ready to overtake
C Drive closely to shield the rider
D Leave less room so the rider can see you in their mirrors
Correct Answer: A Allow extra room in case the rider swerves to avoid potholes
Explanation: Never follow any road user too closely. This is particularly important when you're following scooter or motorcycle riders, or cyclists. They might brake or swerve suddenly; for example, to avoid a pothole on a road with a poor surface.
A Douse the burns with cold water
B Remove anything sticking to the burns
C Remove smouldering clothing
D Try to put out the fire
Correct Answer: A Douse the burns with cold water
Explanation: Don't remove anything sticking to a burn. You may cause further damage and introduce infection into the wound. If you can, douse the burn with clean cold water or other non-toxic liquid for at least 10 minutes.
A Rely on other drivers to phone the police
B Sweep up any debris that's in the road
C Switch off the engine and switch on hazard warning lights
D Take the names of witnesses and other drivers
Correct Answer: C Switch off the engine and switch on hazard warning lights
Explanation: If you're involved in an incident in a tunnel, be aware of the danger this can cause to other traffic. You should immediately switch on your hazard warning lights and switch off your engine.
A Don't put out the fire; wait for the emergency services
B Stay with your vehicle; you'll be seen by the CCTV cameras
C Stop at the side of the road and switch off the engine
D Wait for the police; tunnels are regularly patrolled
Correct Answer: C Stop at the side of the road and switch off the engine
Explanation: If your vehicle catches fire in a tunnel and it can't be driven, stop on the side of the road, as far away from passing traffic as possible. Turn off the engine and warn other traffic by switching on your hazard warning lights.
A Greater tread depth
B Increased rolling resistance
C Less tread depth
D Reduced rolling resistance
Correct Answer: D Reduced rolling resistance
Explanation: When changing or fitting new tyres, consider buying energy-saving tyres. These have a reduced rolling resistance and improved efficiency, which helps to keep fuel costs down.
A Better handling
B Longer service intervals
C Loss of power
D Lower emissions
Correct Answer: C Loss of power
Explanation: If the engine contains too much oil, the moving parts can hit the oil surface, causing a loss of power or even damage to the engine. Excess pressure may damage oil seals, causing oil to leak onto the road, creating a slippery and dangerous road surface.
A Alcoholics Anonymous
B The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
C The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency
D The local hospital
Correct Answer: B The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
Explanation: If you're disqualified from driving because you were two-and-a-half times over the legal limit, you'll be classified as a high-risk offender. Before you can regain your licence, you'll have to satisfy the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) that you don't have an alcohol problem.
A Be cautious and keep looking all around
B Concentrate solely on your blind areas
C Expect others to be aware of your course
D Rely on a clear path behind
Correct Answer: A Be cautious and keep looking all around
Explanation: Don't rely on an audible warning device to claim right of way. It's your responsibility to be cautious and take all-round observation while you're reversing.
A A notification to tell DVLA that a vehicle isn't being used on the road
B A notification to tell DVSA that a vehicle doesn't have a current MOT
C Information held by insurance companies to check the vehicle is insured
D Information kept by the police about the owner of the vehicle
Correct Answer: A A notification to tell DVLA that a vehicle isn't being used on the road
Explanation: If you want to keep a vehicle untaxed and off the public road, you must make a SORN. It's an offence not to do so. When you've made a SORN, you won't have to pay vehicle tax, but you also won't be able to use the vehicle on the road. The SORN remains valid until your vehicle is taxed, sold, scrapped or exported.
A England and Wales
B England only
C England, Scotland and Wales
D England, Wales and Northern Ireland
Correct Answer: A England and Wales
Explanation: Traffic officers have powers to stop vehicles on safety grounds; for example, if you have an insecure load. They only operate in England and Wales. It's an offence not to comply with their directions.
A Ask your local garage
B Check your vehicle's workshop manual
C Consult your travel agents
D Use a route planner on the internet
Correct Answer: D Use a route planner on the internet
Explanation: Various route planners are available on the internet. Most of them give you options, allowing you to choose the most direct route, the quickest route or a scenic route. The plans may also include rest and fuel stops. Print them off and take them with you, but don't look at them while you're actually driving.
A It may be more scenic
B You may get held up by a tractor
C Your maps may have different scales
D Your original route may be blocked
Correct Answer: D Your original route may be blocked
Explanation: It can be frustrating and worrying to find your planned route is blocked by roadworks or diversions. If you've planned an alternative, you'll feel less stressed and able to concentrate fully on your driving. If your original route is mostly on motorways, it's a good idea to plan an alternative using non-motorway roads. Always carry a map with you just in case you need to refer to it - but stop driving before you do so.
A You would create a false tachograph reading
B You would damage the engine
C You would have optimum fuel economy
D You would improve engine efficiency
Correct Answer: B You would damage the engine
Explanation: Driving with the rev counter in the red band will cause the engine to wear prematurely and can lead to expensive repairs. This could result in the vehicle being off the road for some time.
A Bottled water
B High-caffeine drinks
C Hot chocolate
D Sugary canned drinks
Correct Answer: A Bottled water
Explanation: Water is the ideal drink, because it quenches your thirst for longer than tea or coffee. It's a good idea to carry water when you're driving, especially in very hot weather. The medical profession recommends that you drink 1.5 to 2 litres of water per day.
A The brake linings are worn
B The brake shoes need adjusting
C The brake system has a loss of vacuum
D The brake system requires more fluid
Correct Answer: C The brake system has a loss of vacuum
Explanation: A fault in the vacuum pump could be the cause of a stiff brake pedal. There could also be a leaking connection allowing air into the vacuum. Don't continue your journey until the fault has been fixed.
A A reduction in fuel consumption
B A reduction in vehicle tax
C An exemption from all congestion charges
D An exemption from tachograph regulations
Correct Answer: A A reduction in fuel consumption
Explanation: The Driver CPC qualification and training syllabus is designed to lead to enhanced professionalism and improvements in road safety. Other expected benefits are a general reduction in fuel consumption and emissions, resulting from a better knowledge of ecosafe driving techniques.
A Open a window
B Play loud music
C Stop and rest
D Stretch your arms
Correct Answer: C Stop and rest
Explanation: The only effective solution to driver sleepiness is to stop in a safe place and take a break.
A Continue to drive the vehicle
B Drain the air tanks
C Pump the brake pedal repeatedly
D Stop and have the fault put right
Correct Answer: D Stop and have the fault put right
Explanation: Air-brake systems are fitted with a warning device that operates if the air pressure in the tanks drops below a safe level. There may be a warning buzzer and/or pressure gauges. You must be aware of the function of all gauges on your vehicle, and check them as you drive.
A Anti-skid road surfaces
B Brake-pad wear
C The drive wheels locking
D The front wheels spinning
Correct Answer: C The drive wheels locking
Explanation: The endurance brake (retarder) usually operates by applying resistance, via the transmission, to the vehicle's driven wheels. If the road is slippery, the tyres may lose grip and the wheels will lock.
Correct Answer: B 60 mph
Explanation: Don't be tempted to drive on the limiter when using dual carriageway roads. The speed limit for passenger-carrying vehicles is 60 mph. Be considerate to faster-moving traffic by not using the middle or outside lanes unnecessarily.
A Ask to see a warrant card
B Comply with the request
C Invite the official aboard
D Refuse to leave the vehicle
Correct Answer: A Ask to see a warrant card
Explanation: If you're asked to leave your vehicle by an official who isn't in uniform, ask to see their warrant card. The official is likely to be an enforcement or police officer, but don't presume this.
A Braking hard before reaching a bend
B Driving with the door open
C Giving change on the move
D Thinking and planning well ahead
Correct Answer: D Thinking and planning well ahead
Explanation: Thinking and planning well ahead will help you to deal competently and safely with hazards and other road users. A safe, comfortable ride, even when you're under pressure, will be appreciated by your passengers.
A Be courteous and polite
B Drive on before people are seated
C Keep to the timetable regardless of comfort
D Look ahead when issuing tickets
Correct Answer: A Be courteous and polite
Explanation: Nobody likes to be late, but you shouldn't let the pressure of your timetable make you feel you have to rush people. Being pleasant to your passengers and showing them some common courtesies will encourage them to use your service again.
A Children must be accompanied by an adult
B The bus is carrying blind people
C The bus may be carrying children
D The driver will help disabled people
Correct Answer: C The bus may be carrying children
Explanation: If you're carrying children on your vehicle and it isn't on a scheduled route used by the general public, the bus must display this sign to the front and rear. When carrying children to and from school, it's likely that you'll have to make several stops in places other than recognised bus stops. Think carefully before you stop. Don't cause unnecessary inconvenience to other road users.
A When approaching a school crossing patrol
B When children are getting on or off the vehicle
C When stopped at a pedestrian crossing
D When there's a sign warning of a school ahead
Correct Answer: B When children are getting on or off the vehicle
Explanation: You may be driving in the rush hour, when traffic is heavy, so when you stop you're permitted to show your hazard warning lights. This will tell other road users that children are getting on and off the bus. Look out for passing traffic and make sure that all your passengers get on and off safely.
A To help you see clearly out of the back window
B To keep the bus stable
C To keep them informed about the breakdown
D To limit injuries in the event of a rear-end collision
Correct Answer: D To limit injuries in the event of a rear-end collision
Explanation: Passenger safety should be your priority. You should take every precaution to ensure they're out of danger.
A Ask your passengers to find out what's happening
B Don't tell your passengers anything in case you upset them
C Leave your passengers on the bus and see what's happening
D Tell your passengers what's happening without upsetting them
Correct Answer: D Tell your passengers what's happening without upsetting them
Explanation: At the scene of an incident, you should tell your passengers what has happened, while reassuring them that they're not in danger. Explain to them that the emergency services are dealing with it and they should remain on the coach.
A Report the incident to the owner as soon as possible
B Report the incident to the owner within seven days
C Report the incident to the police within 24 hours
D Report the incident to the police within seven days
Correct Answer: C Report the incident to the police within 24 hours
Explanation: If you damage a parked vehicle and the owner isn't around, you must report it to the police within 24 hours. This applies to any property you might have damaged. In Northern Ireland, all incidents must be reported to the police immediately.
A Check their pulse
B Get medical help
C Give them liquid
D Lie them on their back
Correct Answer: B Get medical help
Explanation: If one of your passengers is unconscious but breathing, get medical help immediately. Only move them if there's a danger of further injury and you're moving them to a place of safety while you wait for help to arrive.
A By keeping your engine at high revs
B By leaving your engine on tick-over
C By revving your engine
D By switching off your engine
Correct Answer: D By switching off your engine
Explanation: If you have to wait for long periods of time, you should turn your engine off. Noise and exhaust fumes can cause annoyance as well as pollution.
Correct Answer: A D
Explanation: A full category D licence entitles you to drive all buses and coaches, including the articulated type. A full category D licence on its own doesn't cover you to drive buses or coaches drawing detachable trailers of more than 750 kg; for this you'll need a D+E licence.
A The tyres on the larger wheels are more likely to lose pressure
B The tyres on the larger wheels are more likely to overheat
C The tyres on the smaller wheels are more likely to lose pressure
D The tyres on the smaller wheels are more likely to overheat
Correct Answer: D The tyres on the smaller wheels are more likely to overheat
Explanation: Because small wheels need to rotate faster, their tyres are more likely to overheat on long journeys at speed. Make sure you check them when you take rest stops.
A When children are boarding the bus
B When parked to take a rest period
C When slowing down to approach a bus stop
D When slowing down to find a parking space
Correct Answer: A When children are boarding the bus
Explanation: Buses carrying schoolchildren must display a distinctive yellow reflective sign on the front and rear, unless they're running a scheduled service for the general public. Buses displaying the sign are permitted to use hazard warning lights when they've stopped for schoolchildren to get on or off.
A Immediately, to the railway authority
B Immediately, to your employer
C Within 24 hours, to the railway authority
D Within seven days, to the police
Correct Answer: A Immediately, to the railway authority
Explanation: If your bus hits a railway bridge, you must inform the railway authority immediately, as the impact may have damaged the bridge and made it unsafe. You should find the telephone number on or near the bridge. It's very important to do this as soon as possible, so that all rail traffic is stopped. You must also inform the police immediately, or in any case within 24 hours.
A Buffeting will be reduced
B Exhaust fumes are more toxic when it's raining
C Noise from your engine will be louder
D Spray could affect their control
Correct Answer: D Spray could affect their control
Explanation: When passing other road users - especially motorcyclists and cyclists - in wet weather, the spray from your vehicle could affect their control. Leave plenty of room as you pass, and look in your left-hand mirror to check that they're still in control.
A Dense spray
B Heavy rain
C Strong wind
D Thick fog
Correct Answer: C Strong wind
Explanation: If you're driving a double-deck bus, you'll feel the effect of the wind more than you would on a single-deck vehicle. This is because the vehicle's height increases the surface area that can be affected by the wind.
Correct Answer: C Rain
Explanation: If there's heavy rain, the spray-suppression equipment fitted to your vehicle will protect other road users from loss of vision when following or passing your vehicle. Check the wheel arches to make sure the fitments haven't worked loose and no parts have broken off. Well-maintained equipment will force the spray back down onto the road, instead of out to the rear and the sides of the vehicle.
A Brake pedal needs adjustment
B Engine temperature too low
C Frozen moisture in the storage tanks
D Weak engine anti-freeze mixture
Correct Answer: C Frozen moisture in the storage tanks
Explanation: Air-brake systems use air from the atmosphere, which contains moisture. The moisture condenses under pressure, resulting in water in the system. Make sure the air tanks are drained daily to remove any water and to help prevent the system from freezing in cold weather.
A When road speed is 6 mph (10 km/h) or more
B When the ABS comes into operation
C When the brakes are used for the first time
D When the secondary braking system is used
Correct Answer: A When road speed is 6 mph (10 km/h) or more
Explanation: Every vehicle fitted with anti-lock brakes must have a warning light in the cab of the vehicle. The warnings may differ between manufacturers, but on all types the warning light should come on when the ignition is switched on, and turn off when the vehicle reaches a speed of 6 mph (10 km/h). If the light stays on, there may be a fault; you should have the brakes checked before continuing your journey.
A Avoidance of 'brake fade'
B Improved passenger safety and comfort
C Increased air-brake pressure
D Longer rest periods
Correct Answer: B Improved passenger safety and comfort
Explanation: The way you drive matters. The safety and comfort of your passengers is your priority; if you have the correct attitude when you're driving, your passengers will be assured of a comfortable and pleasant journey. Good forward planning and anticipation will help you avoid having to turn or brake suddenly.
A Get the passengers off and keep them together
B Make sure the passengers stay in their seats
C Move the passengers to the front of the coach
D Move the passengers to the rear of the coach
Correct Answer: A Get the passengers off and keep them together
Explanation: If your coach catches fire and it can't go any further, stop at the side of the road, switch the engine off and switch on your hazard warning lights. Your immediate responsibility is to your passengers. Get them off the coach, keep them together and take them to the nearest emergency exit.
A To help any passengers getting on or off
B To help the driver when reversing
C To make them easier to overtake
D To make them easier to see at junctions
Correct Answer: D To make them easier to see at junctions
Explanation: Newer buses and coaches have marker lights along the side; these ensure that they're visible as they emerge at junctions, roundabouts and in other situations. If your vehicle has marker lights fitted, they must all be clean and working.
A Avoid heavy revving of the engine when stationary
B Have the emissions checked at the next vehicle inspection
C Report it as soon as you return to the depot
D Stop and have the fault put right
Correct Answer: D Stop and have the fault put right
Explanation: If exhaust fumes are getting into the vehicle, this could be a danger to your passengers. Stop as soon as it's safe to do so and have the fault put right before continuing.
A A burst rear tyre
B An icy road
C Faulty power steering
D Too many passengers
Correct Answer: C Faulty power steering
Explanation: All modern vehicles have some form of power-assisted steering, which will be able to cope with everything the vehicle requires. If the steering feels heavy, the power-steering system could be faulty and needs to be checked before you continue your journey.
A The fuel consumption will be reduced
B The tyres will give better grip
C The tyres will wear more quickly
D You'll have improved acceleration
Correct Answer: C The tyres will wear more quickly
Explanation: Your tyres must be in good condition and properly inflated to the manufacturer's recommended pressure. Research has shown that the tyres most likely to fail are those that have been over-inflated.
A Disconnect the battery
B Park in a well-lit location
C Park on a firm, level surface
D Unload some of the cargo
Correct Answer: C Park on a firm, level surface
Explanation: Before uncoupling a trailer, always make sure that you've parked on firm, level ground and applied the trailer parking brake.
A Insist that passengers stay seated until the bus stops
B Keep the passenger doors closed until the bus has stopped
C Let passengers on to the bus before letting passengers off
D Stop just before the bus stop and let passengers get off
Correct Answer: B Keep the passenger doors closed until the bus has stopped
Explanation: Passengers may have left their seats early and may be standing up, waiting to get off. Don't brake harshly or open the doors until the vehicle has stopped.
A Change your destination boards
B Drive through quickly if you're not stopping
C Look for people leaving buses
D Sound your horn as you enter
Correct Answer: C Look for people leaving buses
Explanation: Bus stations are busy places. If people are in a rush, they may not always look properly before getting off a bus. Keep your speed down and look for manoeuvring vehicles or pedestrians stepping into your path.
A Disabled driver
B Learner driver
C Lorry driver
D Taxi driver
Correct Answer: D Taxi driver
Explanation: The bus-lane signs will indicate which road users are allowed to share the lane with buses and any time restrictions that may apply. Taxis are often allowed to use bus lanes, as these lanes provide a route that has less congestion and can therefore be quicker.
Correct Answer: B D
Explanation: A category D licence allows you to drive a coach or bus of any size. It also allows you to tow a trailer up to 750 kg. If you want to tow a trailer over 750 kg with a bus or coach, you'll need a category D+E licence.
A Automatic transmission
B Internal mirror
C Priority seating
D Radio telephone
Correct Answer: C Priority seating
Explanation: All new buses and coaches must be easily accessible for disabled passengers. They must have ramps, priority seating and colour-contrasted fittings.
A When the journey is more than 10 km
B When the journey is more than 20 km
C When the journey is more than 50 km
D When the journey is more than 80 km
Correct Answer: C When the journey is more than 50 km
Explanation: Operators of buses used for regular journeys of more than 50 km must use tachographs.

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About the PCV Theory Test


There are two parts to the PCV theory test; multiple choice and hazard perception. The test must be taken by those applying to become qualified minibus, bus or coach drivers.

Which order you take the two sections of the PCV theory test in is up to you – they can be taken at the same time or on separate days – but you must pass both within 24 months of each other in order to pass the theory test as a whole.

You must then pass your practical test within two years of passing your theory test. Otherwise, your theory test result will become invalid and you must retake the test.

Like drivers of large goods vehicles, drivers of passenger carrying vehicles must also study for and sit the Driver CPC case studies test. The Driver CPC (Certificate of Professional Competence) is a qualification that was introduced throughout Europe with the aim of making roads safer and encouraging high standards of driving by drivers of large vehicles.

Multiple choice

Multiple choice means there are several possible answers to a question provided.

You must select the correct answer or answers, either by using the touchscreen computer or a mouse.

You will receive instructions on how this section should be completed and will be able to have a practice session. This will enable you to see how the questions are laid out and how to use the touchscreen computer.

There are 100 questions and the test lasts an hour and 55 minutes. You can skip between questions and ‘flag’ any you wish to return to.

You must answer at least 85 of the 100 questions correctly in order to pass the multiple-choice section of the PCV theory test.

PCV Hazard Perception Test

After a short video explaining how this section of the PCV hazard perception test will work, you will be presented with a series of 19 computer-generated (CGI) video clips. They will involve common scenarios on the road and each clip will contain at least one developing hazard.

You will need to identify these hazards early in order to achieve a high score in this section. The maximum score for each clip is five.

Unlike in the multiple-choice section, you will not be able to review your answers – because when driving you will not get another chance to react.

You must get a mark of at least 67 out of 100 in order to pass the PCV hazard perception test. The duration of the test will be about 25 minutes.

After the test

Once you have completed the hazard perception section of the theory test you will be invited to answer a number of customer-survey questions as well as sample questions which might be included in future theory tests.

You do not have to answer these questions and any information you do give is given anonymously and will be confidential. These survey questions will not affect your test results.

When you have finished you will be able to leave the examination room. You are not permitted to re-enter the room afterwards.

If you pass the PCV theory test

You should be sent a letter explaining your results for both sections of the theory test.

Once you have passed both sections, you will be sent a certificate which contains your theory test number. You will need this number when arranging your PCV practical test.

Your PCV theory test certificate is valid for two years from the date you passed one section of the test.

As mentioned above, if you do not take your practical test within two years of passing the theory test then your theory test result will become invalid and you will have to take the test again.  There are no exceptions made to this rule.

If you fail the PCV theory test

The letter sent to you will include feedback on questions you answered incorrectly and will include a breakdown of the points you scored and also how you performed in the hazard perception section. This will tell you which areas you did not perform well in, so ought to help you prepare for your next theory test.

If you want to book another theory test you will be able to do so straightaway, although you will not be able to take the test for at least three full working days.

PCV theory test booking

You can do this by telephone or online:

By telephone

To book a theory test over the telephone you will need:

  • a valid UK driving licence
  • a valid debit or credit card for payment (Visa, MasterCard, Delta and Visa Electron cards are accepted)

You can book a theory test over the telephone, between 8am and 4pm Monday to Friday, on these numbers:

  • 0300 200 1122 (in English)

0300 200 1133 (in Welsh)

Online

To book a theory test online you will need:

  • a valid UK driving licence
  • a valid debit or credit card for payment (Visa, MasterCard, Delta and Visa Electron cards are accepted)

You can book online via the government website by completing this section online.

The cost of a test can go up or down. As of December 2018, the multiple-choice test costs £26 and the hazard perception test costs £11. Check the price here.

Other Information

Minibus Theory Test

Generally, you can drive a minibus in the United Kingdom without a PCV licence if you’re 21 years or older and have held a license for more than 2 years, although the maximum weight of the minibus must be no more than 3.5 tonnes and have no more than 9 seats. If you’re using the minibus for commercial purposes however, you will need a PCV licence. See the government website for more details if you’re unsure whether you need a PCV license to drive a minibus.