PCV Theory Test

Free PCV Theory Test

You have 115 minutes (1 hour 55 minutes) to answer 100 multiple choice PCV theory test questions. You must score at least 85 out of 100 to pass the test. Answers may be checked after each question or you can wait until the end of the test to view your results. Best of luck!

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About the PCV Theory Test

There are two parts to the PCV theory test; multiple choice and hazard perception. The test must be taken by those applying to become qualified minibus, bus or coach drivers.

Which order you take the two sections of the PCV theory test in is up to you – they can be taken at the same time or on separate days – but you must pass both within 24 months of each other in order to pass the theory test as a whole.

You must then pass your practical test within two years of passing your theory test. Otherwise, your theory test result will become invalid and you must retake the test.

Like drivers of large goods vehicles, drivers of passenger carrying vehicles must also study for and sit the Driver CPC case studies test. The Driver CPC (Certificate of Professional Competence) is a qualification that was introduced throughout Europe with the aim of making roads safer and encouraging high standards of driving by drivers of large vehicles.

Multiple choice

Multiple choice means there are several possible answers to a question provided.

You must select the correct answer or answers, either by using the touchscreen computer or a mouse.

You will receive instructions on how this section should be completed and will be able to have a practice session. This will enable you to see how the questions are laid out and how to use the touchscreen computer.

There are 100 questions and the test lasts an hour and 55 minutes. You can skip between questions and ‘flag’ any you wish to return to.

You must answer at least 85 of the 100 questions correctly in order to pass the multiple-choice section of the PCV theory test.

PCV Hazard Perception Test

After a short video explaining how this section of the PCV hazard perception test will work, you will be presented with a series of 19 computer-generated (CGI) video clips. They will involve common scenarios on the road and each clip will contain at least one developing hazard.

You will need to identify these hazards early in order to achieve a high score in this section. The maximum score for each clip is five.

Unlike in the multiple-choice section, you will not be able to review your answers – because when driving you will not get another chance to react.

You must get a mark of at least 67 out of 100 in order to pass the PCV hazard perception test. The duration of the test will be about 25 minutes.

After the test

Once you have completed the hazard perception section of the theory test you will be invited to answer a number of customer-survey questions as well as sample questions which might be included in future theory tests.

You do not have to answer these questions and any information you do give is given anonymously and will be confidential. These survey questions will not affect your test results.

When you have finished you will be able to leave the examination room. You are not permitted to re-enter the room afterwards.

If you pass the PCV theory test

You should be sent a letter explaining your results for both sections of the theory test.

Once you have passed both sections, you will be sent a certificate which contains your theory test number. You will need this number when arranging your PCV practical test.

Your PCV theory test certificate is valid for two years from the date you passed one section of the test.

As mentioned above, if you do not take your practical test within two years of passing the theory test then your theory test result will become invalid and you will have to take the test again.  There are no exceptions made to this rule.

If you fail the PCV theory test

The letter sent to you will include feedback on questions you answered incorrectly and will include a breakdown of the points you scored and also how you performed in the hazard perception section. This will tell you which areas you did not perform well in, so ought to help you prepare for your next theory test.

If you want to book another theory test you will be able to do so straightaway, although you will not be able to take the test for at least three full working days.

PCV theory test booking

You can do this by telephone or online:

By telephone

To book a theory test over the telephone you will need:

  • a valid UK driving licence
  • a valid debit or credit card for payment (Visa, MasterCard, Delta and Visa Electron cards are accepted)

You can book a theory test over the telephone, between 8am and 4pm Monday to Friday, on these numbers:

  • 0300 200 1122 (in English)

0300 200 1133 (in Welsh)


To book a theory test online you will need:

  • a valid UK driving licence
  • a valid debit or credit card for payment (Visa, MasterCard, Delta and Visa Electron cards are accepted)

You can book online via the government website by completing this section online.

The cost of a test can go up or down. As of December 2018, the multiple-choice test costs £26 and the hazard perception test costs £11. Check the price here.

Other Information

Minibus Theory Test

Generally, you can drive a minibus in the United Kingdom without a PCV licence if you’re 21 years or older and have held a license for more than 2 years, although the maximum weight of the minibus must be no more than 3.5 tonnes and have no more than 9 seats. If you’re using the minibus for commercial purposes however, you will need a PCV licence. See the government website for more details if you’re unsure whether you need a PCV license to drive a minibus.