Free PCV Theory Test

You have 115 minutes (1 hour 55 minutes) to answer 100 multiple choice PCV theory test questions. You must score at least 85 out of 100 to pass the test. Answers may be checked after each question or you can wait until the end of the test to view your results. Good luck!

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PCV Theory Test Practice

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A The distance to a low bridge
B The distance to a tunnel
C The length of a low bridge
D The length of a tunnel
Correct Answer: B The distance to a tunnel
Explanation: As well as a height restriction, the tunnel may have a restriction on the available width of headroom for high vehicles. The advance warning gives you the opportunity to find another route if your vehicle is too high or wide to drive through the tunnel.
A The fire service
B The local authority
C The police
D Your local garage
Correct Answer: C The police
Explanation: Hitting a bridge with your vehicle can have serious consequences for road and rail traffic. You must tell the police about the incident immediately. If the bridge is a railway bridge, call the railway authority as well as the police to report the incident.
A Overhead electric cables ahead
B Railway level crossing ahead
C Trams crossing ahead
D Weight restriction ahead
Correct Answer: A Overhead electric cables ahead
Explanation: If your vehicle touches bells suspended over the road, they'll obviously ring. This will warn you that your vehicle exceeds the safe travelling height beneath electrified overhead cables ahead. You must stop immediately and either find another route or take advice.
A 11 tonnes weight limit
B Lane ahead closed
C Leave the motorway at the next exit
D Stop: all lanes ahead closed
Correct Answer: B Lane ahead closed
Explanation: Warning lights show when there's danger ahead. This includes
  • lane closures
  • incidents
  • fog
  • icy roads.

A End of crawler lane
B End of hard shoulder
C End of restriction
D End of weight limit
Correct Answer: C End of restriction
Explanation: Look out for variable-message warning signs telling you about
  • lane closures
  • speed limits
  • hazards.
When you're clear of the restriction, you'll see a sign telling you that it has ended.
A 10 hours, extended to 11 hours on three days of the week
B 10 hours, extended to 11 hours on two days of the week
C 9 hours, extended to 10 hours on two days of the week
D 9 hours, extended to 11 hours on three days of the week
Correct Answer: C 9 hours, extended to 10 hours on two days of the week
Explanation: You're allowed to extend your daily driving time twice a week, to 10 hours a day. A 'day' is generally any 24-hour period that starts when you begin driving (or other work) again, after the last daily or weekly rest period.
A Driving time
B Engine temperature
C Fuel consumption
D Load weight
Correct Answer: A Driving time
Explanation: The tachograph is a tool designed to help you be a safe and responsible driver. The tachograph records details of your journey, including time driven, speed and rest periods.
A Apply firm pressure to the wound
B Dab the wound to stop the bleeding
C Keep both legs flat on the ground
D Wrap an ice pack near the wound
Correct Answer: A Apply firm pressure to the wound
Explanation: If there's nothing embedded in the wound, you can control the blood loss by applying pressure to the wound and raising the leg if possible.
A Make sure the injured person is kept warm
B Place them in the recovery position
C Treat the person for shock
D Warn other traffic
Correct Answer: D Warn other traffic
Explanation: You should warn other road users that there has been a incident. You can do this by displaying an advance warning triangle or by switching on hazard warning lights or other lights. However you choose to warn people of the incident, make sure it doesn't put you or others at risk.
A Continue driving to the nearest repair centre
B Continue your journey at a slower speed
C Park and get help
D Return to the depot
Correct Answer: C Park and get help
Explanation: Faulty power steering will make your steering wheel very difficult or almost impossible to turn. Continuing to drive could cause danger to you and other road users. You should park safely and get help.
A At the next service
B Immediately
C On return to your base
D Within five days
Correct Answer: B Immediately
Explanation: Bulbs should be replaced as soon as you're aware that they've failed. Carry a stock of all the various bulbs used on your vehicle, so you can repair a fault without delay.
A Adjust the mirrors
B Put the gear lever into reverse
C Remove your tachograph chart
D Switch off the engine
Correct Answer: D Switch off the engine
Explanation: It's an offence to leave a vehicle unattended on a public road with the engine running. Take care if you have to open the cab door directly into the road. Look for passing traffic - especially cyclists or motorcyclists - that may not be visible in your mirrors.
A To thank a driver for giving way to you
B To warn other drivers that you're towing
C When approaching queuing traffic on a motorway
D When parked illegally on a busy road
Correct Answer: C When approaching queuing traffic on a motorway
Explanation: The only time you may use hazard warning lights while driving is when you're on an unrestricted dual carriageway or motorway and you want to warn other drivers of a hazard or obstruction ahead. Only use them for long enough to make sure your warning is seen.
A Extend your right arm out of the window
B Just use the offside mirror and move away quickly
C Signal right with indicator and arm together
D Use your mirrors and look behind
Correct Answer: D Use your mirrors and look behind
Explanation: To make sure it's safe, you must use the mirrors well before you make any manoeuvre. For example, you need to use them before moving off, turning, overtaking, slowing or stopping, opening a door, or changing direction, lanes or speed.
A After passing cars parked on the left
B As a final check before turning right
C Before moving into the lane on your right
D When getting out of your cab on the driver's side
Correct Answer: A After passing cars parked on the left
Explanation: As you pass pedestrians or vehicles on your left, you should use your nearside mirror and check that you've passed them safely. You need to allow a good safety margin before you move back to the left.
A Adjust your seat properly
B Have a sun visor fitted
C Keep your lights clean
D Keep your windows open
Correct Answer: A Adjust your seat properly
Explanation: You must make sure that you adjust the seat so that you're able to reach all the controls and see in all the mirrors before you start to drive any vehicle. You should also be able to lean out of the window and check your offside blind spots.
A They always ride in the gutter
B They can be hidden in blind spots
C They ride with their headlights on
D They wear bright clothing
Correct Answer: B They can be hidden in blind spots
Explanation: When driving large vehicles, windscreen pillars and large mirrors can easily create blind spots as you look left and right at junctions. Altering your body position slightly while looking into the new road can give you an improved view of the traffic. If in doubt, look again and reassess the situation. Don't take chances.
A Engine performance
B Overhead gantries
C Road surfaces
D Tyre pressures
Correct Answer: C Road surfaces
Explanation: If your suspension is damaged, all the weight of the vehicle compresses the road and anything located below it. The vibrations travel through the ground and can also damage surrounding buildings.
A Close and secure the filler cap
B Place the drip tray correctly
C Stop refuelling when the tank is half full
D Use a filtered fuel system
Correct Answer: A Close and secure the filler cap
Explanation: Fuel spilled on the road is a serious danger to other road users, especially motorcyclists. To prevent this from happening, make sure the filler cap is secure after refuelling.
A Crossroads
B Give way
C Stop
D Turn right
Correct Answer: C Stop
Explanation: The 'Stop' sign is the only sign in the shape of a hexagon. This helps you to recognise it even when the wording can't be seen.
A By engaging them in banter
B By giving them a hot drink
C By leaving them to quietly recover
D By talking to them quietly and firmly
Correct Answer: D By talking to them quietly and firmly
Explanation: Someone who has been involved in or witnessed a crash will be in no mood for humour. The best way to calm them is by remaining calm yourself, and talking quietly and firmly to them.
A Bus route
B Limited loading
C No stopping
D Short-term parking
Correct Answer: C No stopping
Explanation: Double red lines indicate that you're on a Red Route and in a no-stopping area. Red Routes also have single red lines, with signs showing the times that restrictions are in force. There are also parking and loading boxes, which have signs explaining the restrictions that apply.
A Check them at the end of your journey
B Get someone behind to check your brake lights
C Look for a check switch on the dashboard
D Pump the brake pedal a number of times
Correct Answer: C Look for a check switch on the dashboard
Explanation: A warning-lights check is sometimes performed automatically when the ignition is switched on. However, you may need to do this manually by operating a separate check switch. Never start a journey without carrying out this check. If there's a problem, have it repaired before you set off.
A Accelerate because you have priority
B Maintain your speed; it's just an information sign
C Slow down; the road may be narrow ahead
D Stop and give way to oncoming traffic
Correct Answer: C Slow down; the road may be narrow ahead
Explanation: When the road narrows, there'll be less room than normal and others may not obey the rules, so slow down and approach with caution. Even when you have priority, you should still be ready to stop.
A Emergency diversion route for motorway traffic
B Holiday route
C Vehicle broken down ahead
D Vehicle carrying dangerous goods in packages
Correct Answer: A Emergency diversion route for motorway traffic
Explanation: Major roadworks often cause complicated diversions for large vehicles. Drivers may be advised to follow a special symbol until the original road can be rejoined. Look for the yellow-and-black symbols in these shapes:
  • square
  • triangle
  • diamond
  • circle.
They'll often be shown with additional information and will help guide you around the diversion.
A At least 10 metres (32 feet) away from any junction
B In an off-road parking area
C In most lay-bys
D On a road with a 20 mph speed limit
Correct Answer: B In an off-road parking area
Explanation: Off-road lorry and coach parks are often well lit and patrolled by police or security firms. Never leave your vehicle unlit on a public road or in a lay-by after dark.
A Leaving plenty of room
B Powerful brake lights
C Reacting too early
D The noise of your vehicle
Correct Answer: D The noise of your vehicle
Explanation: The hiss of air-assisted mechanisms, as well as engine noise, can easily startle horses. Keep the noise to a minimum by gentle use of the brakes and, if necessary, stopping and turning your engine off.
A By avoiding bad weather
B By driving slowly
C By regular cleaning
D By regular servicing
Correct Answer: D By regular servicing
Explanation: Following the vehicle manufacturer's guidelines for service intervals will enable worn components to be replaced before they fail. This will help prevent costly breakdowns.
A To help you relax while you're driving
B To maintain a good driving position
C To make you more comfortable
D To protect your neck in a collision
Correct Answer: D To protect your neck in a collision
Explanation: Your head restraint should be adjusted so that, in the event of a collision, it protects your neck from whiplash injury.
A In built-up areas
B In roadworks
C On country roads
D On high-level bridges
Correct Answer: D On high-level bridges
Explanation: Buffer lanes are often found in places that are frequently subjected to high winds. Examples include high-level bridges, high-level roads, exposed viaducts and exposed stretches of motorway. Listen to the weather forecast, which should tell you of any need to re-plan your route.
A To clear mud from the tyres on building sites
B To reduce spray on wet roads
C To remove objects from the tyre tread
D To stop snow building up behind the wheel
Correct Answer: B To reduce spray on wet roads
Explanation: The brushes are part of a spray-suppression system. They reduce the amount of water thrown up at the sides and rear of the vehicle. Check them regularly for security. If they become worn, make sure they're replaced.
A Before setting out on every journey
B Once per year before the MOT test
C Only as part of a pre-winter check
D Only when you'll be using a motorway
Correct Answer: A Before setting out on every journey
Explanation: You should always check all your spray-suppression equipment before a journey. Don't ignore it just because it's dry when you set out. The weather can change on the way.
A To allow for an increased stopping distance
B To let other motorists move into the gap
C To prevent rain from entering the vehicle's braking system
D To reduce the risk of water spraying into the filters
Correct Answer: A To allow for an increased stopping distance
Explanation: Extra care is needed when driving in heavy rain. Reduce your speed and switch on dipped headlights. Tyres will have less grip on a wet road and it will take up to twice the distance to stop when compared with good dry conditions.
A Moisture drawn in with the air may freeze and cause a blockage
B Moisture in the air may form bubbles in the brake fluid
C The air will contract, reducing the pressure
D The dampness may cause valves to rust
Correct Answer: A Moisture drawn in with the air may freeze and cause a blockage
Explanation: When air is compressed, moisture condenses and collects in the air tanks. This can find its way along the network of pipes connected to the brakes. In frosty weather, the moisture can freeze in the pipes, blocking them completely. On modern vehicles, the air is dried before it's compressed and the air tanks drain automatically to shed any moisture. On older vehicles, the air tanks need draining manually.
A Engage the clutch
B Keep the parking brake on
C Report it as a fault
D Switch your engine off
Correct Answer: B Keep the parking brake on
Explanation: Even though the warning light is showing, there may be sufficient pressure to release the parking brake. However, you mustn't do this, because there may not be enough air pressure to operate the service brake.
A There's no need to alter the way you brake
B There's no need to brake so early
C You'll be able to brake much later
D You'll need to brake more firmly
Correct Answer: A There's no need to alter the way you brake
Explanation: Plan well ahead to enable you to brake normally. Don't rely on anti-lock brakes to compensate for deficiencies in your driving.
A Brake harshly to a stop
B Drive on until you reach a side road
C Stop immediately wherever you are
D Stop on the left as soon as it's safe
Correct Answer: D Stop on the left as soon as it's safe
Explanation: If a police officer signals for you to stop, stop as soon as possible in a safe place on the left.
A When in light traffic
B When on a motorway
C When travelling slowly
D When you're stopped in a safe place
Correct Answer: D When you're stopped in a safe place
Explanation: It's illegal to use a hand-held phone while driving. When you've stopped in a safe place, you can concentrate on your call or message. Using a phone while driving means you won't have full control of your vehicle. This could result in a collision, with serious or even fatal consequences.
A Accelerate quickly to get away from it
B Brake harshly and immediately to a stop in the road
C Ignore it if possible, unless you're forced to let it pass
D Stop to let it pass as soon as it's safe to do so
Correct Answer: D Stop to let it pass as soon as it's safe to do so
Explanation: When an ambulance is displaying a flashing blue light, try to stop in a safe place to allow it to pass. Make sure you don't endanger any other road users or commit an offence; for example, by driving past a red traffic light.
A Ambulance
B Doctor's car
C Fire engine
D Road gritter
Correct Answer: B Doctor's car
Explanation: A green flashing light on a vehicle means the driver or passenger is a doctor on an emergency call. Give way to them if it's safe to do so. Be aware that the vehicle may be travelling quickly or may stop suddenly.
A You can't be breathalysed
B You may still be over the legal drink-drive limit
C You'll have no alcohol in your system
D Your driving won't be impaired
Correct Answer: B You may still be over the legal drink-drive limit
Explanation: Alcohol can take a long time to leave the body. You may feel all right to drive, but its effect will last for many hours.
A It will be easier to change direction
B It will increase fuel consumption
C It will need more engine power
D It will take longer to stop
Correct Answer: D It will take longer to stop
Explanation: When driving downhill, gravity will cause the vehicle to increase speed. More braking effort will be required, and stopping distances will increase.
A Carry on driving to use up your hours
B Increase your speed and reduce your journey time
C Park in a suitable place and rest
D Reduce your speed and drive more slowly
Correct Answer: C Park in a suitable place and rest
Explanation: The smallest lapse in concentration can result in loss of control. Even when your tachograph would allow you to drive for longer, stop somewhere safe and rest if you feel your driving may be affected by your tiredness.
A Near a fire station
B Near a school
C On approach to a level crossing
D On approach to a motorway
Correct Answer: B Near a school
Explanation: Flashing amber lights are found near schools. They warn you that children are likely to be crossing the road on their way to and from school. Drive slowly until you're clear of the area.
A The bridge height clearance will be less in the centre lane
B The centre lane is narrower than the left-hand lane
C The reflective studs may be missing in the centre lane
D Traffic in the centre lane may be travelling much faster than you
Correct Answer: D Traffic in the centre lane may be travelling much faster than you
Explanation: Always indicate your intentions in good time; this will allow others time to alter their speed and course if necessary. Always check your blind spots before changing lanes.
A To enable emergency vehicles to get quickly to the scene of an incident
B To enable large vehicles to park out of the way
C To enable other traffic to overtake on the nearside
D To enable slow-moving traffic to move further over to the left on uphill gradients
Correct Answer: D To enable slow-moving traffic to move further over to the left on uphill gradients
Explanation: On a motorway where there's a long uphill gradient, there may be a crawler lane. This helps the traffic to flow by making an extra lane available on the left for slower, heavy vehicles.
A When the speed limit has been reduced
B When you would have to break the speed limit
C When you're approaching motorway slip roads
D When your view of the road ahead is clear
Correct Answer: B When you would have to break the speed limit
Explanation: Never commit yourself to overtaking unless you're absolutely certain that you have the time and space to complete the manoeuvre safely. Don't take any risks that will endanger other road users.
A Continue, as you have right of way
B Signal to them to continue crossing
C Sound your horn to warn them of your presence
D Wait and allow them to cross
Correct Answer: D Wait and allow them to cross
Explanation: Approaching a junction at the correct speed will allow you enough time to observe and react. Pedestrians crossing here have priority and you must give way to them.
A At playground areas
B At the side of the road
C In the window of a car taking children to school
D On the rear of a school bus or coach
Correct Answer: D On the rear of a school bus or coach
Explanation: Vehicles that are used to carry children to and from school will be travelling at busy times of the day. Be prepared for a vehicle with this sign to make frequent stops. It might pick up or set down passengers in places other than normal bus stops.
A Briefly sound your horn
B Drive very slowly
C Keep close to avoid oncoming traffic
D Pass quickly but quietly
Correct Answer: B Drive very slowly
Explanation: Slow down and be ready to stop if you see animals in the road ahead. Animals are easily frightened by noise and by vehicles passing too close to them. Stop if signalled to do so by the person in charge of the animals.
A Increase your speed to clear the area quickly
B Keep up your speed and sound the horn
C Reduce speed until you're clear of the area
D Wait at the lights until they change to green
Correct Answer: C Reduce speed until you're clear of the area
Explanation: The flashing amber lights are switched on to warn you that children may be crossing near a school. Drive slowly and be prepared for children running into the road.
A Drive on unless the pedestrians step out
B Prepare to slow down and stop
C Speed up and pass by quickly
D Stop and wave the pedestrians across
Correct Answer: B Prepare to slow down and stop
Explanation: Be courteous and prepare to stop. Don't wave people across, as this could be dangerous if another vehicle is approaching the crossing.
Correct Answer: A Any direction
Explanation: If you're following cyclists onto a roundabout, be aware that they might not take the exit you expect. Cyclists approaching in the left-hand lane could be turning right but may not have been able to get into the right-hand lane. Give them plenty of room.
A Be aware that the driver's reactions may not be as fast as yours
B Expect the driver to drive badly
C Flash your lights and overtake
D Stay very close behind but be careful
Correct Answer: A Be aware that the driver's reactions may not be as fast as yours
Explanation: You must show consideration to other road users. Elderly drivers may have slower reactions and they might need more time to deal with a situation. Be tolerant and don't lose patience or show your annoyance.
A Ignore any message signs as they're never up to date
B Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front
C Put your headlights on full beam
D Stop very close to the vehicle in front to save space
Correct Answer: B Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front
Explanation: It's important to keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front at all times. This still applies in congested tunnels, even if you're moving very slowly or have stopped. If the vehicle in front breaks down, you may need room to manoeuvre past it.
A Flash your hazard warning lights and move back to the left
B Move back to the left when you judge it's safe to do so
C Stop; there must be something wrong with your vehicle
D Take their signal to mean it's safe to move back to the left
Correct Answer: B Move back to the left when you judge it's safe to do so
Explanation: Never presume what someone means when they flash their headlights, as they might be signalling to someone else. Use your own judgement and wait until it's safe to complete your manoeuvre.
A Flash your headlights and slow down
B Slow down and give way if it's safe to do so
C Slow down and then sound your horn
D Sound your horn and keep going
Correct Answer: B Slow down and give way if it's safe to do so
Explanation: Give way to buses whenever you can do so safely, especially when they signal to pull away from bus stops. Look out for people who have left the bus and wish to cross the road. Also look for people rushing to catch a bus: they may be more concerned about catching the bus than watching for traffic.
A Edge forward slowly and make them hurry
B Get out of your vehicle and wave them across
C Stay where you are and allow them to cross in their own time
D Steer slowly around them to ease the build-up of traffic
Correct Answer: C Stay where you are and allow them to cross in their own time
Explanation: Elderly pedestrians can be hesitant and may move slowly when crossing the road. Also, their awareness of traffic may be limited because of hearing or visual impairment. Be patient and show courtesy and understanding.
59. What's a 'Red Route'? Mark one answer
A An area where drivers have to pay a toll
B An area where night-time and weekend weight limits apply
C An area where part-time traffic lights operate
D An area where special waiting restrictions apply
Correct Answer: D An area where special waiting restrictions apply
Explanation: Red Routes operate in many busy cities and are designed to ensure the route has no obstructions to cause delays during peak periods. Road signs and red road markings identify roads where Red Route waiting and loading restrictions apply.
A An area of road covered by your left-hand mirror
B An area of road covered by your right-hand mirror
C An area of road that can't be seen, even with mirrors
D An area of road that isn't lit by your headlights
Correct Answer: C An area of road that can't be seen, even with mirrors
Explanation: Blind spots can occur when bodywork - such as a door or window pillar - restricts your view. Different types of vehicle have different blind spots.
A Your brakes will overheat
B Your cab will fill with fumes
C Your engine will overheat
D Your field of vision will be seriously reduced
Correct Answer: D Your field of vision will be seriously reduced
Explanation: Staying back will increase your view of the road ahead. This will help you to see any hazards that might occur and will allow you more time to react. It will also allow the driver in front to see you in their mirrors.
A The brakes will fail
B The engine may be damaged
C You'll need to have the vehicle serviced
D You'll need to replace the carburettor
Correct Answer: B The engine may be damaged
Explanation: Lack of oil could cause the engine to seize, and this could cause sudden and unexpected loss of control. You could break down in a dangerous position and put yourself and other road users at risk.
A Allow them to move in front of you
B Move off and make them wait for you
C Steer to the left to make them dismount
D Tell them to move out of your way
Correct Answer: A Allow them to move in front of you
Explanation: Always be aware of your limited vision around your vehicle, due to its size and shape. Never move off without checking along the nearside of your vehicle. You should be aware of the possibility of cyclists and motorcyclists getting trapped between your vehicle and the kerb.
A It's a quicker route for a cyclist
B It's a safer route for a cyclist
C The Highway Code doesn't apply to cyclists
D They're going to turn left
Correct Answer: B It's a safer route for a cyclist
Explanation: The cyclist may not be able to get into a right-hand lane due to heavy traffic. Give them room, as they may not be taking the exit you expect.
A Allow plenty of room
B Overtake on the left
C Overtake on the right
D Sound the horn
Correct Answer: A Allow plenty of room
Explanation: Allow the cyclist plenty of room. Give them space and be prepared for them to change direction. To stay safe, they may travel around the roundabout in the left-hand lane.
A To get another driver to move out of your way
B To greet a friend
C To let another road user know you're giving way
D To warn another road user who poses a danger
Correct Answer: D To warn another road user who poses a danger
Explanation: The horn shouldn't be used between 11.30 pm and 7.00 am in a built-up area. The only exception is when another road user is unaware of you and poses a danger.
A A notification to tell DVLA that a vehicle isn't being used on the road
B A notification to tell DVSA that a vehicle doesn't have a current MOT
C Information held by insurance companies to check the vehicle is insured
D Information kept by the police about the owner of the vehicle
Correct Answer: A A notification to tell DVLA that a vehicle isn't being used on the road
Explanation: If you want to keep a vehicle untaxed and off the public road, you must make a SORN. It's an offence not to do so. When you've made a SORN, you won't have to pay vehicle tax, but you also won't be able to use the vehicle on the road. The SORN remains valid until your vehicle is taxed, sold, scrapped or exported.
A Check your vehicle registration document
B Contact your local garage
C Look at a map
D Look in your vehicle service record
Correct Answer: C Look at a map
Explanation: Planning your journey before you set out can make the drive much easier and reduce traffic congestion. Look at a map to help you do this. You may need maps of different scales, depending on where and how far you're going. Printing or writing down the route can also help. Don't look at the map while you're driving; stop somewhere safe before checking your route again.
A You'll travel a much shorter distance
B You're less likely to be delayed
C You're more likely to be held up
D Your journey time is likely to be longer
Correct Answer: B You're less likely to be delayed
Explanation: If possible, avoid the early morning, late afternoon and early evening peak times. Doing this should allow you to miss the worst daily traffic jams and to travel in a more relaxed frame of mind, arriving at your destination feeling less stressed.
A You'll increase fuel consumption by about 15%
B You'll increase journey times by about 15%
C You'll reduce fuel consumption by about 15%
D You'll reduce journey times by about 15%
Correct Answer: C You'll reduce fuel consumption by about 15%
Explanation: By driving smoothly, you'll reduce fuel consumption by about 15%, and you'll reduce the amount of wear and tear on your vehicle. You'll also feel more relaxed and have a more pleasant journey.
Correct Answer: B 35 hours
Explanation: To keep your Driver CPC, you need to take 35 hours of training every five years. This can be split into sessions of at least seven hours each, so you can take one training day a year over the five years if that suits you. The penalties for non-compliance are the same as those for driving without a licence.
Correct Answer: A Five years
Explanation: You must take 35 hours of training every five years to maintain your Driver CPC. This can be done at any time during the five years: all at once or split into sessions of at least seven hours each. The penalties for non-compliance are the same as those for driving without a licence.
Correct Answer: C 35 hours
Explanation: Drivers are required to take 35 hours of training every five years to maintain their Driver CPC. This can be split into shorter sessions of at least seven hours each. These can be spread over the five years, so effectively one day's training is taken each year. The penalties for non-compliance are the same as those for driving without a licence.
A One of 10 minutes, plus one of 35
B One of 15 minutes, plus one of 30
C One of 20 minutes, plus one of 25
D One of 40 minutes, plus one of 5
Correct Answer: B One of 15 minutes, plus one of 30
Explanation: Under EU regulations, you must take a break of at least 45 minutes after four-and-a-half hours of driving. You may choose to take this break during the driving period. In this case, it can be split into two breaks of at least 15 and 30 minutes, taken in that order.
A The brake-fluid reservoir is empty
B The brakes are locked on fully
C The pedal movement needs adjusting
D The vacuum pump isn't working
Correct Answer: D The vacuum pump isn't working
Explanation: If the brake pedal is hard to press, this could mean a loss of vacuum or a fault in the vacuum pump. You shouldn't drive the vehicle until the fault has been repaired.
Correct Answer: B Blue
Explanation: There are usually four coloured bands on the rev counter: green, amber, blue and red. The blue band will allow you to make the best use of engine braking. Try to keep in this band when going down a steep hill.
A A hygiene test
B A literacy test
C A numeracy test
D An eyesight test
Correct Answer: D An eyesight test
Explanation: If you apply for a PCV or LGV licence, you must demonstrate that your eyesight is good enough to drive safely. DVLA (or DVA in Northern Ireland) can give you specific information about this. It's your responsibility to tell DVLA or DVA if your eyesight changes or you can't meet the requirements.
Correct Answer: C Heart disease
Explanation: A poor diet can increase your risk of ill health. It may cause obesity, diabetes or heart disease, which can increase your risk of sudden incapacity at the wheel. There's a greater risk of developing a serious illness - and ultimately an early death. Smoking and a lack of exercise will increase the risks.
A Let them wander off to calm down
B Restrain them physically
C Shout loudly to get their attention
D Talk to them quietly and firmly
Correct Answer: D Talk to them quietly and firmly
Explanation: A person who's hysterical may do things that you wouldn't expect. Try to keep the distressed person calm and safe until the emergency services arrive.
A CPC card
B Company card
C Control card
D Workshop card
Correct Answer: C Control card
Explanation: Various types of smart card are used in digital tachograph systems:
  • driver card, used by drivers
  • company card, used by operators
  • workshop card, available only to approved calibration centres
  • control card, available only to Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) officials and the police, for carrying out enforcement.

A Flushed complexion and deep breathing
B Muscle spasms and an itchy rash
C Rapid pulse and sweating
D Slow pulse and dry skin
Correct Answer: C Rapid pulse and sweating
Explanation: Prompt treatment can help to deal with shock. Warning signs to look for include rapid pulse, sweating, pale grey skin, and rapid shallow breathing. While waiting for help to arrive, keep the casualty warm and comfortable, and speak reassuringly to them.
A Every eight years
B Every four years
C Every six years
D Every two years
Correct Answer: C Every six years
Explanation: When an analogue tachograph is installed and calibrated, an installation plaque is fixed near the tachograph. This shows the date of the most recent tachograph calibration. Under EU rules, this must take place every six years.
A Clear a parking area for the emergency services
B Get the casualties to drink something sweet
C Make sure the emergency services have been called
D Pull people who are hurt out of their vehicles
Correct Answer: C Make sure the emergency services have been called
Explanation: Make sure you or someone else has called the emergency services. Check the casualties and, if you feel able to give first aid, do so. Alternatively, ask any bystanders if they can help.
Correct Answer: C 45 minutes
Explanation: After a driving for a period of no more than 4.5 hours, you must take a break of at least 45 minutes, which mustn't be interrupted. If you're carrying passengers, they'll probably also be grateful for a break. Taking breaks at the correct time will keep you and your passengers safe and comfortable.
A When the vehicle is cornering
B When the vehicle is overtaking
C When the vehicle is parking
D When the vehicle is reversing
Correct Answer: A When the vehicle is cornering
Explanation: A smooth ride at all times isn't always easy to achieve. However, scanning ahead for hazards will help you avoid late braking and cornering too fast.
A When approaching a school crossing patrol
B When children are getting on or off the vehicle
C When stopped at a pedestrian crossing
D When there's a sign warning of a school ahead
Correct Answer: B When children are getting on or off the vehicle
Explanation: You may be driving in the rush hour, when traffic is heavy, so when you stop you're permitted to show your hazard warning lights. This will tell other road users that children are getting on and off the bus. Look out for passing traffic and make sure that all your passengers get on and off safely.
A Before you change lanes on a motorway
B Before you pass parked cars
C When you're pulling in after overtaking
D When you're pulling in to park at the kerb
Correct Answer: D When you're pulling in to park at the kerb
Explanation: This mirror offers the most benefit when you're manoeuvring in confined spaces. It shows you where your nearside front wheel is in relation to the kerb or a bay marking line.
A Air pressure is more easily lost
B Punctures can be more difficult to detect
C The wheels will need balancing more often
D You've no room for a spare wheel
Correct Answer: B Punctures can be more difficult to detect
Explanation: Tyre checks should be made as a matter of routine. Inspect both the inside and outside walls, as well as the treads, for signs of wear, damage, bulges, separation and exposed cords.
Correct Answer: A D
Explanation: A full category D licence entitles you to drive all buses and coaches, including the articulated type. A full category D licence on its own doesn't cover you to drive buses or coaches drawing detachable trailers of more than 750 kg; for this you'll need a D+E licence.
A The tyres on the larger wheels are more likely to lose pressure
B The tyres on the larger wheels are more likely to overheat
C The tyres on the smaller wheels are more likely to lose pressure
D The tyres on the smaller wheels are more likely to overheat
Correct Answer: D The tyres on the smaller wheels are more likely to overheat
Explanation: Because small wheels need to rotate faster, their tyres are more likely to overheat on long journeys at speed. Make sure you check them when you take rest stops.
A Buffeting will be reduced
B Exhaust fumes are more toxic when it's raining
C Noise from your engine will be louder
D Spray could affect their control
Correct Answer: D Spray could affect their control
Explanation: When passing other road users - especially motorcyclists and cyclists - in wet weather, the spray from your vehicle could affect their control. Leave plenty of room as you pass, and look in your left-hand mirror to check that they're still in control.
A A manual override switch for emergencies
B A plate in the cab showing the limited speed
C A warning sign on the back of the bus
D An audible warning device for the driver
Correct Answer: B A plate in the cab showing the limited speed
Explanation: A bus equipped with a speed limiter must also be fitted with a plate showing the speed setting. This must be fitted in an obvious position, where it can be clearly seen.
A Avoidance of 'brake fade'
B Improved passenger safety and comfort
C Increased air-brake pressure
D Longer rest periods
Correct Answer: B Improved passenger safety and comfort
Explanation: The way you drive matters. The safety and comfort of your passengers is your priority; if you have the correct attitude when you're driving, your passengers will be assured of a comfortable and pleasant journey. Good forward planning and anticipation will help you avoid having to turn or brake suddenly.
A It's harder to concentrate
B It's harder to keep control in the dark
C There may be unseen dips or bends in the road
D You may dazzle other drivers
Correct Answer: C There may be unseen dips or bends in the road
Explanation: On unlit roads, it's more difficult to see bends, junctions or dips ahead. This could prevent you from seeing oncoming traffic, pedestrians or cyclists. Unless the road is well lit or you're on a dual carriageway, ask yourself whether overtaking is absolutely necessary.
A When changing to a higher gear
B When driving at slow speed
C When needing brisk acceleration
D When stopping in an emergency
Correct Answer: C When needing brisk acceleration
Explanation: The kickdown facility on automatic transmission allows a lower gear to be engaged to allow faster acceleration (for example, when overtaking). This is achieved by firmly pressing the accelerator to the floor.
A Accompanying nurses
B Bus-company employees
C Fully trained people
D Wheelchair attendants
Correct Answer: C Fully trained people
Explanation: Make sure that you're fully trained in the safe use of lifts, ramps and securing devices. If you drive a vehicle fitted with this equipment, never let untrained people operate it.
A Access for the disabled
B Access for the driver
C Passenger comfort at higher speeds
D Stability when cornering
Correct Answer: A Access for the disabled
Explanation: Kneeling buses are equipped with air or hydraulic systems that allow the vehicle body to be lowered. This improves access for disabled and elderly passengers. Remember to return the mechanism to its travelling position before moving off.
A They're less likely to happen
B They're more difficult to detect
C They're more likely to happen
D They're much easier to detect
Correct Answer: B They're more difficult to detect
Explanation: The handling of a six-wheeled bus or coach is not much different from that of a two-axle vehicle, except that punctures can be more difficult to detect.
A After overtaking, to see whether it's safe to return to the left
B To check that the driver's door is closed properly
C To look for following traffic moving out to overtake
D To see whether any passengers want the next bus stop
Correct Answer: A After overtaking, to see whether it's safe to return to the left
Explanation: Use your nearside mirror when you've overtaken another vehicle. This is particularly important on dual carriageways or motorways, where it can take some distance to overtake safely. Look carefully to make sure you're far enough ahead and can safely return to the left lane.
Correct Answer: D The Traffic Commissioner
Explanation: Traffic commissioners are responsible for administering the regulations governing a PCV operator's licence. They can take disciplinary action against an operator who falls foul of the legal requirements.