Explanation: Look well ahead to see whether any hazards are developing. This will give you more time to deal with them in the correct way. The man in the picture is clearly intending to cross the road. You should be travelling at a speed that allows you to check your mirror, slow down and stop in good time. You shouldn't have to brake harshly.
Category: Hazard awareness
References: The official DVSA guide to driving: section 7, Highway code: rule 195