Free Theory Test

You have 57 minutes to answer 50 multiple choice driving theory test questions. You need to answer at least 43 out of 50 questions correctly to pass. You can review your answer after each question or you can review all of your answers at the end of the test. Best of luck!

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A Driving with rear fog lights on
B Following another vehicle too closely
C Reversing into a parking space
D Using the rear door of a hatchback car
Correct Answer: B Following another vehicle too closely
Explanation: 'Tailgating' is the term used when a driver or rider follows the vehicle in front too closely. It's dangerous because it restricts their view of the road ahead and leaves no safety margin if the vehicle in front needs to slow down or stop suddenly. Tailgating is often the underlying cause of rear-end collisions or multiple pile-ups.
A Doors opening on parked cars
B Empty parking spaces
C The uneven road surface
D Traffic following behind
Correct Answer: A Doors opening on parked cars
Explanation: When passing parked cars, there's a risk that a driver or passenger may not check before opening the door into the road. A defensive driver will drive slowly and be looking for people who may be about to get out of their car.
A The footpaths are narrow
B The road markings are faint
C The road surface is poor
D The view is restricted
Correct Answer: D The view is restricted
Explanation: You may have to pull forward slowly until you can see up and down the road. Be aware that the traffic approaching the junction can't see you either. If you don't know that it's clear, don't go.
A By displaying a 'stop' sign
B By displaying a red light
C By giving you an arm signal
D By pointing to children on the opposite pavement
Correct Answer: A By displaying a 'stop' sign
Explanation: If a school crossing patrol steps out into the road with a 'stop' sign, you must stop. Don't wave anyone across the road and don't get impatient or rev your engine.
A Be careful; they may misjudge your speed
B Expect them to wait for you to pass
C Speed up to get past them quickly
D Stop and wave them across the road
Correct Answer: A Be careful; they may misjudge your speed
Explanation: Older people may have impaired hearing, vision, concentration and judgement. They may also walk slowly and so could take a long time to cross the road.
A Assume the signal is wrong and that it's turning right
B Get closer in order to pass it quickly
C Overtake it as it starts to slow down
D Stay well back and give it room
Correct Answer: D Stay well back and give it room
Explanation: A long vehicle may need to swing out in the opposite direction as it approaches a turn, to allow the rear wheels to clear the kerb. Don't try to filter through if you see a gap; as the lorry turns, the gap will close.
A It allows easy location by the emergency services
B It connects you to a local garage
C Mobile phones don't work on motorways
D Using a mobile phone will distract other drivers
Correct Answer: A It allows easy location by the emergency services
Explanation: On a motorway, it's best to use a roadside emergency telephone so that the emergency services are able to find you easily. The location of the nearest telephone is shown by an arrow on marker posts at the edge of the hard shoulder. If you use a mobile, the operator will need to know your exact location. Before you call, find out the number on the nearest marker post. This number will identify your exact location.
A Between each pair of lanes
B Between the acceleration lane and the carriageway
C Between the central reservation and the carriageway
D Between the hard shoulder and the carriageway
Correct Answer: C Between the central reservation and the carriageway
Explanation: On motorways, reflective studs of various colours are fixed in the road between the lanes. These help you to identify which lane you're in when it's dark or in poor visibility. Amber-coloured studs are found on the right-hand edge of the main carriageway, next to the central reservation.
Correct Answer: D 70 mph
Explanation: Make sure that you know the speed limit for the road that you're on. The speed limit on a dual carriageway or motorway is 70 mph for cars and motorcycles, unless signs indicate otherwise. The speed limits for different types of vehicle are listed in The Highway Code.
A By double or single yellow lines
B By hazard warning lines
C By pedestrian islands
D By street lighting
Correct Answer: D By street lighting
Explanation: There's a 30 mph speed limit where there are street lights unless signs show another limit.
A When oncoming traffic prevents you from turning right
B When you're in a queue of traffic going ahead
C When you're in a queue of traffic turning left
D When you're on a roundabout
Correct Answer: A When oncoming traffic prevents you from turning right
Explanation: The purpose of yellow box markings is to keep junctions clear of queuing traffic. You may only wait in the marked area when you're turning right and your exit lane is clear but you can't complete the turn because of oncoming traffic or other traffic waiting to turning right.
A No trams ahead
B Oncoming trams
C Trams crossing ahead
D Trams only
Correct Answer: C Trams crossing ahead
Explanation: This sign tells you to beware of trams. If you don't usually drive in a town where there are trams, remember to look out for them at junctions and look for tram rails, signs and signals.
A At a level crossing
B At a pedestrian crossing
C On a motorway slip road
D On a single-track road
Correct Answer: C On a motorway slip road
Explanation: When driving on a motorway or slip road, you mustn't enter an area marked with chevrons and bordered by a solid white line for any reason, except in an emergency.
A 11 tonne weight limit
B Right-hand lane T-junction only
C Right-hand lane closed ahead
D Through traffic to use left lane
Correct Answer: C Right-hand lane closed ahead
Explanation: You should change lanes as directed by the sign. Here, the right-hand lane is closed but the left-hand and centre lanes are available. Merging in turn is recommended when it's safe and traffic is going slowly; for example, at roadworks or a road traffic incident. When vehicles are travelling at speed, this isn't advisable and you should move into the appropriate lane in good time.
A The driver is a foreign visitor
B The driver is a rescue patrol officer
C The driver is first-aid trained
D The driver is likely to be a disabled person
Correct Answer: D The driver is likely to be a disabled person
Explanation: If a disabled driver's vehicle breaks down and they're unable to walk to an emergency phone, they're advised to stay in their car and switch on the hazard warning lights. They may also display a 'help' pennant in their vehicle.
A Flash your headlights
B Give an arm signal
C Position over the centre line
D Sound the horn
Correct Answer: B Give an arm signal
Explanation: In some situations, you may feel your indicators can't be seen by other road users. If you think you need to make your intention more obvious, give the arm signal shown in The Highway Code.
A In the left-hand lane
B In the middle lane
C In the right-hand lane
D On the hard shoulder
Correct Answer: A In the left-hand lane
Explanation: The colours of the reflective studs on the motorway and their locations are
- red - between the hard shoulder and the carriageway
- white - between lanes
- amber - between the carriageway and the central reservation
- green - along slip-road exits and entrances
- bright green/yellow - at roadworks and contraflow systems
A Flash your headlights
B Overtake as soon as you can
C Slow down and stay behind
D Sound your horn
Correct Answer: C Slow down and stay behind
Explanation: Be patient and stay behind the car in front. You shouldn't normally overtake other vehicles in areas subject to traffic calming. If you overtake here, you may easily exceed the speed limit, defeating the purpose of the traffic-calming measures.
A Battery acid
B Distilled water
C Engine coolant
D Engine oil
Correct Answer: B Distilled water
Explanation: Some modern batteries are maintenance-free. Check your vehicle handbook and, if necessary, make sure that the plates in each battery cell are covered with fluid.
A Be prepared to brake sharply to a stop
B Be prepared to stop for any traffic
C Brake and stop only for large vehicles
D Brake sharply to a stop before looking
Correct Answer: B Be prepared to stop for any traffic
Explanation: When approaching a junction where the traffic lights have failed, you should proceed with caution. Treat the situation as an unmarked junction and be prepared to stop.
A Ignore the following driver and continue to travel within the speed limit
B Move over to a position just left of the centre line of the road
C Signal left and wave the following driver past
D Slow down, gradually increasing the gap between you and the vehicle in front
Correct Answer: D Slow down, gradually increasing the gap between you and the vehicle in front
Explanation: If the driver behind is following too closely, there's a danger they'll collide with the back of your car if you stop suddenly. You can reduce this risk by slowing down and increasing the safety margin in front of you. This reduces the chance that you'll have to stop suddenly and allows you to spread your braking over a greater distance. This is an example of defensive driving.
A Both trams and cars can continue
B Both trams and cars must stop
C Cars must stop
D Trams must stop
Correct Answer: D Trams must stop
Explanation: The white light shows that trams must stop. The green light shows that other vehicles can go if the way is clear. Trams are being introduced into more cities, so you're likely to come across them and you should learn which signs apply to them.
A Stop even if the road is clear
B Stop only if a red light is showing
C Stop only if children are waiting to cross
D Stop only if traffic is approaching
Correct Answer: A Stop even if the road is clear
Explanation: Stop' signs are situated at junctions where visibility is restricted or where there's heavy traffic. They must be obeyed: you must stop. Take good all-round observation before moving off.
A Check your vehicle registration document
B Contact your local garage
C Look at a map
D Look in your vehicle handbook
Correct Answer: C Look at a map
Explanation: Planning your journey before you set out can help to make it much easier and more pleasant, and may help to ease traffic congestion. Look at a map to help you do this. You may need maps of different scales, depending on where and how far you're going. Printing or writing out the route can also help.
A Flushed complexion
B Pale grey skin
C Slow pulse
D Warm dry skin
Correct Answer: B Pale grey skin
Explanation: The effects of shock may not be immediately obvious. Warning signs are rapid pulse, sweating, pale grey skin and rapid shallow breathing.
A A valid driving licence
B The handbook
C The vehicle's chassis number
D Valid insurance
Correct Answer: D Valid insurance
Explanation: The vehicle excise licence (road tax) can be renewed at post offices, vehicle registration offices, online or by phone. When applying, make sure you have all the relevant valid documents, including a valid MOT test certificate where applicable.
Correct Answer: C 38 metres (125 feet)
Explanation: Be aware that this is just the braking distance. You need to add the thinking distance to this to give the overall stopping distance. At 50 mph, the typical thinking distance will be 15 metres (50 feet), plus a braking distance of 38 metres (125 feet), giving an overall stopping distance of 53 metres (175 feet). The stopping distance could be greater than this, depending on your attention and response to any hazards. These figures are a general guide.
A Driving licence
B Theory test certificate
C Vehicle registration document
D Vehicle service record
Correct Answer: A Driving licence
Explanation: You must stop if you've been involved in a collision which results in injury or damage. The police may ask to see your driving licence and insurance details at the time or later at a police station.
A To check for emerging traffic
B To check for overtaking vehicles
C To look for pedestrians about to cross
D To make sure the side road is clear
Correct Answer: B To check for overtaking vehicles
Explanation: A motorcyclist could be riding along the outside of the queue. Always check your mirror before turning, as situations behind you can change in the time you've been waiting to turn.
A Always wait for the green light before proceeding
B Give way to any pedestrians on the crossing
C Signal the pedestrian to cross
D Wait for the red-and-amber light before proceeding
Correct Answer: B Give way to any pedestrians on the crossing
Explanation: The flashing amber light allows pedestrians already on the crossing to get to the other side before a green light shows to the traffic. Be aware that some pedestrians, such as elderly people and young children, need longer to cross. Let them do this at their own pace.
A Keep in the middle of the road
B Keep just left of the middle of the road
C Keep well to the left of the road
D Swing out to the right just before turning
Correct Answer: C Keep well to the left of the road
Explanation: Your road position can help other road users to anticipate your actions. Keep to the left as you approach a left turn and don't swing out into the centre of the road in order to make the turn easier. This could endanger oncoming traffic and may cause other road users to misunderstand your intentions.
A That the insurance documents are in the vehicle
B That the vehicle is insured for your use
C That the vehicle owner has third-party insurance cover
D That your own vehicle has insurance cover
Correct Answer: B That the vehicle is insured for your use
Explanation: Driving a vehicle without insurance cover is illegal, so be sure that, whoever's car you drive, you're insured - whether on their policy or on your own. If you need to take out insurance, it's worth comparing several quotes before you decide which insurance provider best meets your needs.
A Drive slowly to the next service area to get assistance
B Pull up on the hard shoulder. Change the wheel as quickly as possible
C Pull up on the hard shoulder. Use the emergency phone to get assistance
D Switch on your hazard warning lights. Stop in your lane
Correct Answer: C Pull up on the hard shoulder. Use the emergency phone to get assistance
Explanation: Pull up on the hard shoulder and make your way to the nearest emergency telephone to call for assistance. Don't attempt to repair your vehicle while it's on the hard shoulder, because of the risk posed by traffic passing at high speeds.
A Brake harder because it's impossible to skid
B Drive at higher speeds
C Pay less attention to the road ahead
D Steer and brake harshly at the same time
Correct Answer: D Steer and brake harshly at the same time
Explanation: If the wheels of your vehicle lock, they won't grip the road and you'll lose steering control. In good conditions, the anti-lock braking system (ABS) will prevent the wheels from locking and you'll keep control of your steering. In poor weather conditions or on loose surfaces, the ABS may be less effective.
A Change down one gear before you pass
B Keep close to them as you pass
C Leave them plenty of room as you pass
D Sound your horn as you pass
Correct Answer: C Leave them plenty of room as you pass
Explanation: Allow the cyclist plenty of room in case they wobble or swerve around a pothole or raised drain. Look well ahead before you start to overtake, because you'll need to use all of the road. Look for entrances to fields where tractors or other farm machinery could be waiting to pull out.
A Be particularly careful at junctions
B Find a safe place to stop
C Reduce your speed
D Steer the vehicle with one hand
Correct Answer: B Find a safe place to stop
Explanation: Never attempt to use a hand-held phone while you're driving, except in a genuine emergency. It's illegal and will take your attention away from driving, putting you at greater risk of causing a collision.
A The rider may be blown across in front of you
B The rider may be travelling faster than normal
C The rider may stop suddenly
D The rider may turn off suddenly to get out of the wind
Correct Answer: A The rider may be blown across in front of you
Explanation: If you're driving in high winds, be aware that the conditions might force a motorcyclist or cyclist to swerve or wobble. Take this into consideration if you're following or wish to overtake a two-wheeled vehicle.
A In any lane
B In the left-hand lane
C In the middle lane
D On the hard shoulder
Correct Answer: B In the left-hand lane
Explanation: You'll see the first advance direction sign one mile from a motorway exit. If you're travelling at 60 mph in the right-hand lane, you'll only have about 50 seconds before you reach the countdown markers. There'll be another sign at the half-mile point. Move to the left-hand lane in good time. Don't cut across traffic at the last moment and don't risk missing your exit.
A Better fuel economy
B Lower vehicle excise duty (road tax)
C Reduced insurance premiums
D Slower journey times
Correct Answer: A Better fuel economy
Explanation: All vehicles need to be serviced to keep working efficiently. An efficient engine uses less fuel and produces fewer harmful emissions than an engine that's running inefficiently. Keeping the vehicle serviced to the manufacturer's schedule should also make it more reliable and reduce the chance of it breaking down.
A When you change to a higher gear
B When you change to a lower gear
C When you only use the handbrake
D When you're in neutral
Correct Answer: B When you change to a lower gear
Explanation: When you take your foot off the accelerator, engines have a natural resistance to turn, caused mainly by the cylinder compression. Changing to a lower gear requires the engine to turn faster and so it will have greater resistance than when it's made to turn more slowly. When going downhill, changing to a lower gear will therefore help to keep the vehicle's speed in check.
A Close your sunroof
B Remove any sunglasses
C Switch off your radio
D Switch on your windscreen wipers
Correct Answer: B Remove any sunglasses
Explanation: If you're wearing sunglasses, you should remove them before driving into a tunnel. If you don't, your vision will be restricted, even in tunnels that appear to be well lit.
A A two-second time gap
B One car length
C Two car lengths
D Two metres (6 feet 6 inches)
Correct Answer: A A two-second time gap
Explanation: One way of checking there's a safe distance between you and the vehicle in front is to use the two-second rule. To check for a two-second time gap, choose a stationary object ahead, such as a bridge or road sign. When the car in front passes the object, say 'Only a fool breaks the two-second rule'. If you reach the object before you finish saying the phrase, you're too close and need to increase the gap.
A A vehicle overtaking you
B No sign to warn you of the bend
C No white lines in the centre of the road
D Pedestrians walking towards you
Correct Answer: D Pedestrians walking towards you
Explanation: Pedestrians walking on a road with no pavement should walk against the direction of the traffic. You can't see around this bend: there may be hidden dangers. Always keep this in mind and give yourself time to react if a hazard does appear.
A Lower speed limits
B Speed humps
C Temporary traffic lights
D Wider lanes than normal
Correct Answer: A Lower speed limits
Explanation: When approaching a contraflow system, reduce speed in good time and obey all speed limits. You may be travelling in a narrower lane than normal, with no permanent barrier between you and the oncoming traffic. Be aware that the hard shoulder may be used for traffic and the road ahead could be obstructed by slow-moving or broken-down vehicles.
A All damage and injury
B Damage to other vehicles
C Damage to your vehicle
D Injury to yourself
Correct Answer: B Damage to other vehicles
Explanation: Third-party insurance cover is usually cheaper than comprehensive cover. However, it doesn't cover any damage caused to your own vehicle or property. It only covers damage and injury you cause to others.
A Drive it out of the tunnel if you can do so
B Leave it where it is, with the engine running
C Park it away from the carriageway
D Pull up, then walk to an emergency telephone
Correct Answer: A Drive it out of the tunnel if you can do so
Explanation: If it's possible, and you can do so without causing further danger, it may be safer to drive a vehicle that's on fire out of a tunnel. The greatest danger in a tunnel fire is smoke and suffocation.
A Easier steering
B Improvement in control
C Increased fuel consumption
D Reduction in control
Correct Answer: D Reduction in control
Explanation: Coasting is the term used when the clutch is held down, or the gear lever is in neutral, and the vehicle is allowed to freewheel. This reduces the driver's control of the vehicle. When you coast, the engine can't drive the wheels to stabilise you through a corner, or give the assistance of engine braking to help slow the car.
A Always drive accompanied
B Avoid using motorways
C Inform the licensing authority
D Inform your local police
Correct Answer: C Inform the licensing authority
Explanation: You must tell DVLA (or DVA in Northern Ireland) if your health is likely to affect your ability to drive. The licensing authority will investigate your situation and then make a decision on whether or not to take away your licence.
A All the time
B In poor visibility
C On narrow streets
D When parking
Correct Answer: B In poor visibility
Explanation: You must use dipped headlights when daytime visibility is seriously reduced, generally to 100 metres (328 feet) or less. You may also use front or rear fog lights, but they must be switched off when visibility improves.
A When they're exempt for medical reasons
B When they're sitting in the rear seat
C When they're under 1.5 metres (5 feet) in height
D When they're under 14 years old
Correct Answer: A When they're exempt for medical reasons
Explanation: If you have adult passengers, it's their responsibility to wear a seat belt, but you should still remind them to use one as they get in the car. It's your responsibility to make sure that all children in your car are secured with an appropriate restraint. Exemptions are allowed for those with a medical exemption certificate.