Adi Theory Test 1

The duration of this ADI theory test is 90 minutes (1 hour 30 minutes). There are 100 multiple choice questions. You need at least 85/100 to pass. Click the Begin Test button when you're ready to start. You may review your answer after each question or wait until the end to view your overall result. Good luck!

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A Approach with headlights on full beam
B Make sure you can see the road ahead is clear
C Sound your horn twice before moving out
D Wait until a bend to see approaching headlights
Correct Answer: B Make sure you can see the road ahead is clear
Explanation: Only overtake the vehicle in front if it's really necessary. All manoeuvres need careful planning, but at night the risks are increased, due to reduced visibility. Can you see the road ahead clearly? Can you see whether pedestrians, cyclists or any obstructions are in the road ahead? Ask yourself these questions before committing to overtaking.
A The road is subject to a minimum speed limit
B You may only stop on the verge
C You may only stop to pick up passengers
D You mustn't stop at any time
Correct Answer: D You mustn't stop at any time
Explanation: Clearways are in place so that traffic can flow without the obstruction of parked vehicles. Just one parked vehicle can cause an obstruction for all other traffic. Don't stop where a clearway is in force - not even to set down or pick up passengers.
A Be prepared to slow down
B Change direction
C Maintain your speed
D Match their speed
Correct Answer: A Be prepared to slow down
Explanation: Large, long and heavy vehicles will need more time to pass you than a car, especially uphill. If necessary, be prepared to slow down to let them pass.
A Pull up on the hard shoulder and wave traffic down
B Stop at the next emergency telephone and contact the authorities
C Stop on the motorway and switch on hazard warning lights while you pick it up
D Walk back up the motorway to pick it up
Correct Answer: B Stop at the next emergency telephone and contact the authorities
Explanation: Drivers shouldn't try to retrieve anything from a motorway. The danger from, and to, passing traffic caused by someone on the carriageway shouldn't be underestimated. The recommended course of action is to go to the next emergency telephone and report the incident to the control centre.
A Doors before parking brake
B Fuel quantity before doors
C Mirrors before seat position
D Seat belt before parking brake
Correct Answer: A Doors before parking brake
Explanation: The cockpit drill is a logical sequence of safety checks. New drivers should be trained to go through them methodically and in sequence every time they get into a vehicle. Briefly, these checks are
- doors closed
- parking brake set
- driver's seat position
- head restraint adjusted
- mirrors adjusted
- seat belts fastened
- gear lever in neutral (check parking brake again)
- fuel.
Correct Answer: D
Explanation: The recognised arm signal to a person controlling traffic when going ahead is shown in The Highway Code: use your left hand, held up, with the palm facing forward. This is easily distinguished by the traffic controller and allows them to control the traffic flow efficiently, keeping it moving.
A Always the left-hand lane
B The middle lane
C The most appropriate lane
D The right-hand lane
Correct Answer: C The most appropriate lane
Explanation: In a one-way street, all the traffic will be travelling in the same direction. When going ahead, you should choose the most appropriate lane for your destination and move into it in good time. Remember that traffic may be passing you on either side.
A Catch up with the lorry and try to get the driver's attention
B Drive over to the hard shoulder, then remove the box
C Go to the next emergency telephone and tell the authorities
D Stop close to the box until the police arrive
Correct Answer: C Go to the next emergency telephone and tell the authorities
Explanation: Lorry drivers may be unaware of objects falling from their vehicle. If you see this happen, and the lorry doesn't stop, drive safely onto the hard shoulder near an emergency telephone. Report the hazard to the authorities. Don't try to retrieve fallen items yourself.
A Between 11.30 pm and 6.00 am
B Between 4.00 am and 7.00 am
C Between 7.00 am and 11.30 pm
D Between midnight and 6.00 am
Correct Answer: C Between 7.00 am and 11.30 pm
Explanation: You mustn't sound your vehicle's horn in a built-up area while stationary on the road, or between the hours of 11.30 pm and 7.00 am. The exception is if another road user poses a danger.
A Apply firm pressure to the area and raise the arm
B Get them to swing their arm briskly up and down
C Keep the arm low and allow the blood flow to stop naturally
D Rub the wound in a circular motion
Correct Answer: A Apply firm pressure to the area and raise the arm
Explanation: If possible, lay the casualty down. Once you're sure there are no objects in the wound, apply firm pressure using clean material. Raising the arm above the level of the heart will also help to stem the flow of blood.
A Left on approach and keep the signal on to leave the roundabout
B No signal as you enter and left after you pass the first exit
C No signal as you enter and right to leave the roundabout
D Right on approach and then left to leave the roundabout
Correct Answer: B No signal as you enter and left after you pass the first exit
Explanation: To go straight ahead at a roundabout, you should approach it in the appropriate lane. Where there are road markings, use the lane indicated. To help traffic on the roundabout and traffic waiting to join, you should give a left signal just after you pass the exit before the one you want. If you have to change lanes to reach your exit, do so with care and consideration.
A It will be at least double the dry-weather stopping distance
B It will be half the dry-weather stopping distance
C It will be up to ten times the dry-weather stopping distance
D It will have no effect on the overall stopping distance
Correct Answer: A It will be at least double the dry-weather stopping distance
Explanation: In heavy rain, the road will be wet and there may be pooling surface water. This will reduce the grip the tyres have on the road and will at least double the distance it takes to stop. Take this increased stopping distance into account while driving. Double the separation distance you'd leave in dry conditions.
A Drop back until visibility improves
B Overtake quickly, keeping very close
C Position just over the centre line of the road
D Switch your headlights to full beam
Correct Answer: A Drop back until visibility improves
Explanation: Large vehicles can throw up a lot of spray when the roads are wet. This will make it difficult for you to see ahead. Dropping back will move you out of the spray and let you see more of the road ahead.
A 100 metres (328 feet) ahead
B As far as the next bend or junction
C Beyond the vehicle in front
D Short of the rear of the vehicle in front
Correct Answer: D Short of the rear of the vehicle in front
Explanation: Following too closely behind another vehicle at night may dazzle the driver. If you drop back, your headlight beam will fall short of the vehicle and so avoid dazzle.
A 20 mph
B 25 mph
C 35 mph
D 40 mph
Correct Answer: A 20 mph
Explanation: In some built-up areas, the speed limit may be reduced to 20 mph. Where there are traffic-calming features, the speed limit may be signed as a 20 mph zone with no repeater signs within the zone. Where there are no traffic-calming features, the 20 mph speed limit is signed at each end of the street and with repeater signs in between. Driving at a slower speed will help give you the time and space to see and deal safely with hazards such as pedestrians and parked cars.
A Don't enter the area unless it's necessary and you can see it's safe
B Never enter the area until the broken lines become continuous
C The area should be used to create an extra lane when traffic is very heavy
D The area should be used to overtake vehicles that are turning left
Correct Answer: A Don't enter the area unless it's necessary and you can see it's safe
Explanation: Diagonal stripes or chevrons are painted on the road to help separate traffic lanes or vehicles turning right. When bordered by a solid white line, you shouldn't enter the area except in an emergency. If the line is broken, you shouldn't enter the area unless it's necessary and you can see that it's safe.
A To comply with the law
B To prevent damage to the new road surface
C To prevent other drivers from driving too fast over the chippings
D To reduce the amount of chippings thrown up by the tyres
Correct Answer: D To reduce the amount of chippings thrown up by the tyres
Explanation: Stone chippings are often used to finish off a new road surface. They may take several days to bed into the tar underneath. Advisory speed limits are used to help reduce the amount of chippings thrown up by passing vehicles. Chippings can cause damage to vehicles and other road users - especially cyclists, pedestrians and horse riders. There's also an increased risk of skidding on the loose surface.
A To make space for emergency vehicles
B To mark an area to be used by overtaking motorcyclists
C To separate traffic flowing in opposite directions
D To warn of a lower speed limit ahead
Correct Answer: C To separate traffic flowing in opposite directions
Explanation: Hatch markings are painted at potentially dangerous areas to separate streams of traffic. For example, they can be seen at sharp bends and at junctions to protect traffic turning right.
A Don't overtake until the vehicle begins to turn
B Don't overtake when you're approaching a junction
C Overtake if you can leave plenty of room
D Overtake only if there are no oncoming vehicles
Correct Answer: B Don't overtake when you're approaching a junction
Explanation: Overtaking on the approach to a junction is fraught with danger and shouldn't be attempted. Particular guidance needs to be given about the unusual course a large goods vehicle may need to take in order to negotiate the junction safely.
A Give priority to the left
B Give priority to the right
C Maintain a steady speed
D Never assume priority
Correct Answer: D Never assume priority
Explanation: Treat an unmarked crossroads with great caution, since neither road has priority. Never assume priority if there are no road markings - other drivers may do the same and a collision could result. Look, assess, decide and only proceed when you're sure it's safe.
A Hide it with a blanket
B Install a security-coded radio
C Park in an unlit area
D Park near a busy junction
Correct Answer: B Install a security-coded radio
Explanation: A security-coded radio can deter thieves, as it's likely to be of little use when removed from the vehicle.
A Behind the vehicle, on the nearside verge or footpath
B Behind the vehicle, on the offside of the road
C In front of the vehicle, in the middle of the road
D In front of the vehicle, on the offside verge or footpath
Correct Answer: A Behind the vehicle, on the nearside verge or footpath
Explanation: Normally, you should place your warning triangle on the same side of the road as your vehicle, and at least 45 metres (147 feet) behind it. On a very narrow road, the triangle itself could be a hazard and is best placed off the road but in a clearly visible position. Don't place a warning triangle on a motorway.
A It can be fitted with dual controls provided no dual accelerator is fitted
B It can be fitted with dual controls, including a dual accelerator that's operable
C It must be fitted with a dual brake and dual clutch
D It must be fitted with a dual brake, clutch and accelerator
Correct Answer: A It can be fitted with dual controls provided no dual accelerator is fitted
Explanation: For safety reasons, any dual accelerator must be removed before a vehicle can be used by a candidate for their driving test.
A Driving licence
B Theory test certificate
C Vehicle excise licence
D Vehicle registration certificate
Correct Answer: A Driving licence
Explanation: You must stop if you've been involved in a collision that results in any injury or damage. You must also be able to produce your driving licence when a police officer asks to see it. If you can't do this at the time, you may be asked to take it to a police station within a certain period. You may also be asked to show a valid insurance certificate and a valid MOT certificate.
A Cycle route
B Primary route
C Tourist route
D Urban motorway
Correct Answer: B Primary route
Explanation: A primary route is a road of national or regional importance and is the major route between larger towns and cities. The direction signs on these routes have green backgrounds. Many maps and road atlases show these routes in green.
Correct Answer: A 30 mph
Explanation: If you aren't sure of the speed limit, a good indication is the presence of street lights. If there's street lighting, the speed limit will usually be 30 mph unless otherwise indicated.
A Alert drivers behind you
B Continue to wait
C Phone the signal operator
D Proceed with caution
Correct Answer: B Continue to wait
Explanation: You must always obey red flashing stop lights. If a train passes but the lights continue to flash, another train will be passing soon. Cross only when the lights go off and the barriers open.
A Only drive if it's essential
B Only drive if you have a mobile phone
C Only drive if you have experience of driving in snow
D Only drive if your journey is short
Correct Answer: A Only drive if it's essential
Explanation: In winter, check the local weather forecast for warnings of icy or snowy weather. Don't drive in these conditions unless your journey is essential. If it is essential, take great care. Carry a spade, warm clothing, a warm drink and emergency food, in case your vehicle breaks down or becomes stuck in snow or traffic.
A If the battery is flat
B If you'll be parked for less than five minutes
C Not on any occasion
D When you're in a 20 mph zone
Correct Answer: C Not on any occasion
Explanation: When parking, all ancillary controls should be switched off and the engine stopped. Make sure that the handbrake is applied firmly before leaving the vehicle.
A At all times when you're driving
B Only in bad light or at night time
C Only in bad weather conditions
D Only when you think it's necessary
Correct Answer: A At all times when you're driving
Explanation: Drivers must be able to read a modern vehicle number plate from a distance of 20 metres. If you need glasses to do this, then you must wear them at all times when you're driving.
A Find a less busy route
B Increase your speed slightly
C Reduce your speed slightly
D Stop at a safe place to rest
Correct Answer: D Stop at a safe place to rest
Explanation: If you start to feel tired, stop at a safe place for a rest break. Every year, many serious incidents are caused by drivers falling asleep at the wheel.
A Always keeping the headlights on
B Always keeping the interior light on
C Etching the registration number on the windows
D Fitting reflective glass windows
Correct Answer: C Etching the registration number on the windows
Explanation: Having your car registration number etched on all your windows is a cheap and effective way to deter car thieves.
A You'll cause the engine to overheat
B You'll increase the amount of fuel the vehicle uses
C You'll reduce your control over the vehicle
D You'll wear out the tyres more quickly
Correct Answer: C You'll reduce your control over the vehicle
Explanation: Holding the clutch down or staying in neutral for too long will cause your vehicle to freewheel. This is known as 'coasting' and it's dangerous, because it reduces your control of the vehicle.
A Report the driver to the police
B Slow down and give way
C Sound your horn and continue
D Squeeze through the gap
Correct Answer: B Slow down and give way
Explanation: Sometimes, large vehicles may need more space than other road users. If a vehicle needs more time and space to turn, be prepared to stop and wait.
A At any time, so that you're noticed
B Instead of main-beam headlights
C When visibility is 100 metres (328 feet) or less
D When you're dazzled by the lights of oncoming vehicles
Correct Answer: C When visibility is 100 metres (328 feet) or less
Explanation: Only use front fog lights when adverse weather conditions mean you can't see more than 100 metres (328 feet). Remember: to avoid dazzling other drivers, turn off your fog lights when the visibility improves.
A Change the tyres around
B Consult your garage as soon as possible
C Pump the pedal when braking
D Use your parking brake at the same time
Correct Answer: B Consult your garage as soon as possible
Explanation: The brakes on your vehicle must be effective and properly adjusted. If your vehicle pulls to one side when braking, take it to be checked by a qualified mechanic. Don't take risks.
A You could dazzle approaching drivers
B You could reduce your journey time
C You could save money on your insurance
D You could use less fuel
Correct Answer: A You could dazzle approaching drivers
Explanation: Fog lights are brighter than normal dipped headlights. If the weather has improved, turn them off to avoid dazzling other road users.
A In case they break down in a dangerous position
B To help them to be seen when they're being driven at high speed
C To make them more visible in thick fog
D To warn drivers following too closely to drop back
Correct Answer: C To make them more visible in thick fog
Explanation: A high-intensity rear fog light helps drivers behind to see that there's a vehicle ahead, even though its outline can't be seen due to fog.
A When excessive brake pressure has been applied
B When you don't brake quickly enough
C When you haven't seen a hazard ahead
D When you're speeding on a slippery road surface
Correct Answer: A When excessive brake pressure has been applied
Explanation: If your car is fitted with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), this will activate when you brake so hard that the tyres start to lose their grip on the road surface. At this point, the wheels would normally lock up and a skid would start. The ABS senses the wheel locking and releases the brake pressure just enough to avoid the skid. It then cycles through applying and releasing the brake pressure many times per second. This ensures maximum braking for the available grip is constantly applied without the wheels locking.
A Apply the parking brake gently
B Select a lower gear
C Select neutral
D Turn off the engine
Correct Answer: B Select a lower gear
Explanation: Selecting a low gear when travelling downhill will help you to control your speed. The engine will assist the brakes and help prevent your vehicle from gathering speed.
A When it's second-hand
B When it's used with a tyre of a different make on the same axle
C When it's used with a tyre of a different tread pattern on the same axle
D When there's a large, deep cut in the side wall
Correct Answer: D When there's a large, deep cut in the side wall
Explanation:
A Get out and check
B Rev your engine
C Reverse slowly
D Use your horn
Correct Answer: A Get out and check
Explanation: If you can't see all around your vehicle, get out and have a look. You could also ask someone reliable outside the vehicle to guide you. A small child could easily be hidden directly behind you.
A Drive into a side road and reverse out onto the main road
B Find a quiet side road where you can turn around
C Get someone to stop the traffic
D Make a U-turn on the main road
Correct Answer: B Find a quiet side road where you can turn around
Explanation: Don't turn your vehicle around on a busy main road. It's safer to find a quiet side road where you can turn around and then rejoin the main road.
A Get everyone out of the vehicle immediately
B Keep going and clear the crossing
C Stop and reverse back to clear the crossing
D Stop immediately and use your hazard warning lights
Correct Answer: B Keep going and clear the crossing
Explanation: If the amber warning lights come on as you're approaching the crossing, you must stop unless it's unsafe to do so. Red flashing lights together with an audible signal mean you must stop. If the warning lights and alarm start as you're driving over the crossing, continue and clear the crossing; it would be dangerous to stop at that point.
A 40 mph
B 50 mph
C 60 mph
D 70 mph
Correct Answer: C 60 mph
Explanation:
A It causes the engine to stall
B It increases fuel consumption
C It makes the engine run faster
D It stops engine braking from slowing the car
Correct Answer: D It stops engine braking from slowing the car
Explanation: When coasting, the engine is disconnected from the drive to the wheels. This means that the engine's resistance can't be used to help slow the vehicle, especially when travelling downhill. There will be a little coasting every time you change gear; this can't be avoided, but it should be kept to a minimum.
A Always wait for the green light before proceeding
B Give way to any pedestrians on the crossing
C Signal the pedestrian to cross
D Wait for the red-and-amber light before proceeding
Correct Answer: B Give way to any pedestrians on the crossing
Explanation: The flashing amber light allows pedestrians who are already on the crossing to get to the other side before the green light shows to traffic. Give way to them and only proceed when the crossing is clear.
A Open a window and drive to the next exit
B Slow down and let other drivers overtake
C Speed up to arrive at your destination sooner
D Stop on the hard shoulder for a sleep
Correct Answer: A Open a window and drive to the next exit
Explanation: Don't ignore feelings of drowsiness while driving. You'll need to find somewhere safe to stop and rest until you feel alert enough to continue your journey. On a motorway, you can either stop at a service area or leave the motorway and then find a safe place to stop. Until you reach a safe place to stop, make sure the vehicle is well ventilated. Don't stop on the hard shoulder to rest.
A Limit your driving to essential journeys
B Only drive for short distances
C Only drive if accompanied by a full licence holder
D Seek medical advice before driving
Correct Answer: D Seek medical advice before driving
Explanation: Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you think that the drugs you're taking are likely to make you feel drowsy or impair your judgement.
A Don't drive at all
B Only drive at 30 mph or less
C Only drive if someone is with you
D Only drive on quiet, local roads
Correct Answer: A Don't drive at all
Explanation: If you're taking medication that's likely to affect your driving, don't drive. You mustn't put other road users, your passengers or yourself at risk.
A Apply the footbrake only
B Apply the parking brake only
C Switch off your headlights
D Use both the parking brake and footbrake
Correct Answer: B Apply the parking brake only
Explanation: You should consider the driver behind, as brake lights can dazzle. Applying the parking brake will prevent your car from rolling, or creeping if you have automatic transmission, without activating your brake lights.
A Check that your vehicle will fit in the gap in the central reservation
B Make sure that you leave enough room for a following vehicle
C Position your vehicle well to the left of the side road
D Stop, apply the handbrake and then select a low gear
Correct Answer: A Check that your vehicle will fit in the gap in the central reservation
Explanation: Before turning right onto a dual carriageway, make sure that the central reservation is wide enough to protect your vehicle. If it's not, you should treat the dual carriageway as one road and check that it's clear in both directions before pulling out. Otherwise, you could obstruct part of the carriageway and cause a hazard, both for yourself and for other road users.
A To avoid damage to the indicator relay
B To avoid dazzling other road users
C To avoid flattening the battery
D To avoid misleading other road users
Correct Answer: D To avoid misleading other road users
Explanation: If your indicators don't turn off automatically, you must cancel them. This might happen after a slight deviation, where the movement of the steering wheel hasn't been enough to activate the auto-cancel mechanism. A signal that continues to show after it should have cancelled can mislead other road users.
A Because the mirrors may not be adjusted properly
B To avoid failing their driving test
C To check for road signs and speed limits
D To check that there's nothing in the blind spot
Correct Answer: D To check that there's nothing in the blind spot
Explanation: It's important that instructors explain that safety checks aren't just a test requirement but are a vital part of keeping safe on the road. Explaining the reasons behind safety checks should help pupils to think for themselves and become safe drivers.
A A lack of coordination in driving the vehicle
B A sense of boredom in the pupil
C Sustained interest from the pupil
D The completion of the lesson in a shorter time
Correct Answer: C Sustained interest from the pupil
Explanation: An interested pupil is likely to be well motivated and should retain information better than one who has lost interest. Everyone has different abilities, so instruction needs to be varied to suit the individual.
A You can drive the vehicle when you've told your insurance company
B You may continue driving the vehicle providing it passes the MOT test within one calendar month
C You may drive the vehicle to and from an MOT test appointment
D You must arrange for the MOT testing station to collect the vehicle on a trailer
Correct Answer: C You may drive the vehicle to and from an MOT test appointment
Explanation: Vehicles that require an MOT certificate mustn't be driven on the road after the certificate has expired. Exceptionally, the vehicle may be driven to and from a pre-arranged MOT test appointment or to a garage for repairs required for the test.
A Display a sign warning that the car is fitted with a dual accelerator pedal
B Ensure the dual accelerator pedal is in working order
C Put a rubber boot over the dual accelerator pedal
D Remove the dual accelerator pedal
Correct Answer: D Remove the dual accelerator pedal
Explanation: It's a requirement of the driving test that if a dual accelerator pedal is fitted to a vehicle, it must be removed before the test.
A Across the entrance to a service area
B Across the road at a pedestrian crossing
C Along the central reservation on a motorway or dual carriageway
D Along the edge of an escape lane on a steep downhill gradient
Correct Answer: C Along the central reservation on a motorway or dual carriageway
Explanation: Coloured studs are used to help you judge your position on the carriageway in poor visibility. Knowing which colour is used and where can help keep you safe. Amber studs are used between the right-hand lane and the central reservation on a motorway or dual carriageway.
A Dipped headlights
B Full-beam headlights
C Hazard warning lights
D Side and rear lights only
Correct Answer: A Dipped headlights
Explanation: It's important to be seen as well as be able to see. In conditions of reduced daytime visibility, you should switch on your dipped headlights. This increases your visibility without the risk of dazzling approaching drivers.
A When visibility is reduced to 100 metres (328 feet) or less
B When visibility is reduced to 125 metres (408 feet) or less
C When visibility is reduced to 150 metres (490 feet) or less
D When visibility is reduced to 175 metres (572 feet) or less
Correct Answer: A When visibility is reduced to 100 metres (328 feet) or less
Explanation: High-intensity rear fog lights are far brighter than normal rear lights. When visibility is reduced to 100 metres (328 feet) or less, they should be used to help drivers behind to see your vehicle. When visibility improves, these high-intensity lights should be switched off to avoid dazzling drivers behind.
A After passing the exit before the one you want
B Immediately on entering the roundabout
C In good time on approach to the roundabout
D When entering the exit you wish to take
Correct Answer: A After passing the exit before the one you want
Explanation: Properly timed signals tell other road users what you intend to do. When you're turning right at a roundabout, signal left just after passing the exit before the one you wish to take. This helps drivers behind and also those waiting to join the roundabout.
A Their driving licence isn't restricted in any way
B They aren't permitted to drive a motor car
C They're only permitted to drive while they're wearing glasses
D They're required to have additional mirrors fitted to any car they drive
Correct Answer: A Their driving licence isn't restricted in any way
Explanation: A person with only one eye isn't considered to have a disability for the purpose of driving and will be issued with an unrestricted driving licence.
A A copy of The Highway Code and advice on how to prepare next time
B A copy of the driving-test report and an explanation of the faults
C An application for a new provisional licence
D An indication of the number of lessons they need to correct their faults
Correct Answer: B A copy of the driving-test report and an explanation of the faults
Explanation: If someone fails their driving test, the examiner will give them a copy of the driving-test report form. This will show all the faults marked during the test. The examiner will also offer an oral explanation as to why they haven't passed. If the instructor is present during the examiner's explanation, they'll be able to offer their pupil additional advice and guidance.
A Engage a high gear; ride the clutch until the correct speed has been reached
B Engage first gear; press the accelerator slightly; release the parking brake
C Engage the appropriate gear; apply the footbrake; release the parking brake, keeping the footbrake applied
D Engage the appropriate gear; release the footbrake and parking brake together
Correct Answer: C Engage the appropriate gear; apply the footbrake; release the parking brake, keeping the footbrake applied
Explanation: When a vehicle is facing downhill, it will try to roll forward when the parking brake is released. Applying the footbrake before releasing the parking brake ensures control is maintained.
A Most of the weight of the car will be transferred onto the front nearside wheel
B Most of the weight of the car will be transferred onto the front offside wheel
C Most of the weight of the car will be transferred onto the rear nearside wheel
D Most of the weight of the car will be transferred onto the rear offside wheel
Correct Answer: A Most of the weight of the car will be transferred onto the front nearside wheel
Explanation: On a right-hand bend, cornering forces will transfer more weight to the nearside wheels. If the brakes are also applied, the transfer of weight forward, combined with the cornering forces, puts more weight on the nearside front tyre - and this makes the car less stable.
A By allowing them to take responsibility as soon as possible
B By asking them to study the instruction manuals
C By imposing your will as the instructor
D By letting them learn from experience
Correct Answer: A By allowing them to take responsibility as soon as possible
Explanation: The key attitude to develop in driving is active responsibility. For most pupils, and adolescents in particular, exercising responsibility needs to be learnt. You should encourage and give learners the opportunity to practise taking responsibility.
A Blue
B Red
C Red and blue
D Red and white
Correct Answer: A Blue
Explanation: Blue circular signs give a positive instruction (for example, turn left) or indicate a route available only to particular classes of traffic, such as buses and cycles.
A Close to the centre line
B Close to the vehicle in front
C In the centre of your lane
D Well to the left
Correct Answer: C In the centre of your lane
Explanation: As you approach a left-hand bend, control your speed so that you can deal with any hazard safely. Don't move out to the centre of the road to improve your view. This could put you too close to oncoming traffic. A vehicle coming the other way might be positioned on the crown of the road.
A One car length
B One-and-a-half car lengths
C Two car lengths
D Two-and-a-half car lengths
Correct Answer: B One-and-a-half car lengths
Explanation: Reverse or parallel parking between parked vehicles on the side of the road is a useful driving skill to master. How large the space needs to be depends on the driver's skill and the size of their car. A useful guide would be a minimum space of one-and-a-half times the length of their car.
A Increase speed slowly, so the lorry can move into the left-hand lane behind you
B Maintain a steady speed and let the lorry driver decide what to do
C Slow down and flash your headlights
D Slow down and let the lorry pass
Correct Answer: D Slow down and let the lorry pass
Explanation: Large goods vehicles are fitted with speed limiters. This means it can take them a long time to overtake if the vehicle they're passing is travelling close to their limited speed. If a lorry is struggling to overtake you, slow down to let it pass. This helps the lorry driver and also other drivers following behind who want to travel faster.
A Always use the gears to assist in the reduction of speed when leaving the motorway
B As you enter the slip road, check your speed by glancing down at the speedometer
C Maintain your speed until you get close to the junction at the end of the slip road
D When you leave the motorway, check that your speed is below that of vehicles in the left-hand lane
Correct Answer: B As you enter the slip road, check your speed by glancing down at the speedometer
Explanation: When leaving a motorway, your judgement of speed may be affected: 40 mph may seem more like 20 mph. Check your speedometer: it will give you an accurate speed. Motorway slip roads and link roads often have sharp curves that require accurate judgement of speed.
A When driving at a constant speed of 60 mph or less
B When driving at a speed between 60 mph and 70 mph
C When overtaking slower-moving vehicles in the left-hand lane
D When overtaking vehicles in the right-hand lane
Correct Answer: C When overtaking slower-moving vehicles in the left-hand lane
Explanation: On a motorway, drivers should keep to the left-hand lane unless they're passing slower vehicles ahead. If there are many slower vehicles in the left-hand lane, it may be safer to remain in the centre lane until the manoeuvre is completed.
A Ask the pupil if there's a particular problem that's holding them back
B Be patient and continue the well-tried methods that are working with other pupils
C Continue to repeat the same exercise until the pupil gets it right
D Go on to more advanced driving situations to speed up the learning process
Correct Answer: A Ask the pupil if there's a particular problem that's holding them back
Explanation: If your usual techniques or methods don't appear to be working, you should discuss the matter with your pupil, and explore alternative ways of getting the point across.
A A coastguard patrol car
B A doctor's car
C A fire engine
D An ambulance
Correct Answer: B A doctor's car
Explanation: If you see a vehicle with a flashing green beacon approaching, it means the driver or passenger is a doctor on an emergency call. Allow it to pass when you can do so safely. Someone's life could depend on the driver making good progress through the traffic.
A Across the road, marking where roadworks start and finish
B At contraflow systems and roadworks
C At slip-road exits and entrances
D Between the edge of the carriageway and the central reservation
Correct Answer: B At contraflow systems and roadworks
Explanation: Fluorescent green/yellow reflective studs indicate temporary lane changes, such as at roadworks and contraflow systems. The lanes are often narrower than normal lanes. You should obey any speed restrictions through the roadworks.
A Drive around the central markings
B Drive over the central markings
C Take the most direct route
D Take the shortest route
Correct Answer: A Drive around the central markings
Explanation: You should approach mini-roundabouts in the same way as normal roundabouts. All vehicles must pass around the central markings except vehicles that are physically incapable of doing so, such as long vehicles or vehicles towing trailers.
A Apply the parking brake, select neutral and wait
B Assume the vehicle is turning left and proceed
C Cancel your signal to avoid causing confusion
D Make sure the vehicle is turning left before proceeding
Correct Answer: D Make sure the vehicle is turning left before proceeding
Explanation: If you're waiting at a junction and a vehicle is approaching from your right, signalling to turn left into your road, wait until you're sure it's turning before emerging. It may be that the driver intends to stop on the left beyond your road, or they may have forgotten to cancel the signal from a previous manoeuvre.
A When you park in a restricted area
B When you park your vehicle on the pavement
C When you stop on double yellow lines
D When your vehicle is stationary and temporarily obstructing traffic
Correct Answer: D When your vehicle is stationary and temporarily obstructing traffic
Explanation: Hazard warning lights are an important safety feature. Use them if your vehicle has broken down and is causing an obstruction. You can also use them to warn traffic behind of danger ahead when you're driving on a motorway or unrestricted dual carriageway.
A Make sure you can stop within the distance you can see to be clear
B Make sure you can stop within your thinking distance
C Use the tail lights of other vehicles as a guide
D Use your vehicle's sidelights to reduce the glare for other drivers
Correct Answer: A Make sure you can stop within the distance you can see to be clear
Explanation: It's more difficult to judge speed and distance in conditions of poor visibility, when shapes or outlines can become less distinct and potentially more confusing. You must always be able to stop in the distance that you can see to be clear.
A 125 metres (408 feet)
B 150 metres (490 feet)
C 45 metres (147 feet)
D 90 metres (294 feet)
Correct Answer: C 45 metres (147 feet)
Explanation: Always carry an advance warning triangle, or other permitted warning device, in your vehicle. Use it to warn other road users if your vehicle has broken down or there's been an incident. You're advised to place it about 45 metres (147 feet) behind the vehicle, on the same side of the road. You may need to place it further back if the vehicle is hidden by, for example, a bend, hill or dip in the road. Never attempt to place any warning device on a motorway.
A At the beginning of the slip road
B At the first countdown marker
C Half a mile before the exit
D One mile before the exit
Correct Answer: D One mile before the exit
Explanation: On motorways, the higher speed of traffic requires direction signs to be placed well before junctions. The first sign will usually be found one mile before the exit, then another sign half a mile before the exit. Where junctions are close together, this distance may be reduced to two-thirds and one-third of a mile.
A When you're driving at night without headlights
B When you're driving slowly because you're lost
C When you've parked on double yellow lines
D When you've stopped your vehicle and it's temporarily obstructing traffic
Correct Answer: D When you've stopped your vehicle and it's temporarily obstructing traffic
Explanation: Use hazard warning lights when your vehicle is stationary, to warn that it's temporarily obstructing traffic. Never use them to excuse dangerous or illegal parking. You may also use hazard warning lights while you're driving on a motorway or unrestricted dual carriageway if you need to warn traffic behind of a hazard ahead.
A Centre
B Either the right or centre
C Left
D Right
Correct Answer: C Left
Explanation: On a three-lane motorway, you should travel in the left-hand lane unless you're overtaking. This applies regardless of the speed at which you're travelling.
A Allow extra room in case they swerve to avoid potholes
B Allow the same room as normal because road surfaces do not affect motorcyclists
C Drive closer to them so you can be seen in their mirrors
D Overtake them immediately
Correct Answer: A Allow extra room in case they swerve to avoid potholes
Explanation: Potholes and bumps in the road can unbalance a motorcyclist. For this reason, a rider may swerve to avoid an uneven road surface. Knowing what motorcyclists may do will help you to make allowances for them.
A A level crossing with no barrier
B A school crossing patrol
C An ambulance station
D An opening bridge
Correct Answer: B A school crossing patrol
Explanation: These lights warn that children may be crossing the road to a nearby school. Slow down so that you're ready to stop if necessary.
A For driving fast
B For overtaking
C For passing slip roads joining on the left
D For turning right
Correct Answer: B For overtaking
Explanation: You should stay in the left-hand lane of a motorway unless overtaking. The right-hand lane of a motorway is an overtaking lane and not a 'fast lane'. After overtaking, move back to the left when it's safe to do so.
A When pedestrians are waiting to cross
B When you intend to turn right
C When you think the lights may be about to change
D When your exit from the junction is blocked
Correct Answer: D When your exit from the junction is blocked
Explanation: As you approach traffic lights, look into the road you wish to take. If the road is blocked, hold back, even if the green light shows.
A Nobody
B Traffic going straight on
C Traffic turning left
D Traffic turning right
Correct Answer: A Nobody
Explanation: When traffic lights are out of order, you should treat the junction as an unmarked crossroads. Be cautious, as you may need to give way or stop. Keep a lookout for traffic attempting to cross the junction at speed.
A In a one-way street, overtaking isn't allowed
B In a one-way street, you can only overtake on the left-hand side
C In a one-way street, you can only overtake on the right-hand side
D In a one-way street, you can overtake on the right or the left
Correct Answer: D In a one-way street, you can overtake on the right or the left
Explanation: You can overtake other traffic on either side when travelling in a one-way street. Make full use of your mirrors and ensure that it's clear all around before you attempt to overtake. Look for signs and road markings and use the most suitable lane for your destination.
A Delivery van
B Estate car
C Long vehicle
D Milk float
Correct Answer: C Long vehicle
Explanation: Long vehicles might have to take a slightly different position when approaching the roundabout or going around it. This is to stop the rear of the vehicle cutting in and mounting the kerb. Horse riders and cyclists might stay in the left-hand lane although they're turning right. Be aware of this and allow them room.
Correct Answer: A 30 mph
Explanation: A 30 mph limit usually applies where there are street lights but no speed-limit signs.
A Double or single yellow lines
B Hazard warning lines
C Pedestrian islands
D Street lighting
Correct Answer: D Street lighting
Explanation: There's usually a 30 mph speed limit where street lights are less than 185 metres (600 feet) apart.
Correct Answer: D White
Explanation: Reflective studs are placed along the edges and between the lanes on motorways. The colour of the stud can help you identify your position on the road when visibility is reduced; for example, when it's foggy. Between the lanes, the studs are white. Red studs are used between the left-hand edge of the carriageway and the hard shoulder. Amber studs are used along the right-hand edge of the carriageway, and green studs are used where slip roads enter or leave the motorway.
A Give the cyclist plenty of room
B Overtake on the right
C Signal the cyclist to move across
D Sound your horn as a warning
Correct Answer: A Give the cyclist plenty of room
Explanation: If you're following a cyclist who's signalling to turn right at a roundabout, leave plenty of room. Give them space and time to get into the correct lane.
A By displaying a 'stop' sign
B By displaying a red light
C By giving you an arm signal
D By pointing to children on the opposite pavement
Correct Answer: A By displaying a 'stop' sign
Explanation: As you approach a school crossing patrol, you may see two amber lights, one above the other and flashing alternately. This will be accompanied by a 'school' warning sign. The school crossing patrol will display a 'stop' sign, so you must stop. Don't wave anyone across the road, get impatient or rev your engine.
A At a toucan crossing, cyclists can cross with pedestrians
B At a toucan crossing, you only stop if someone is waiting to cross
C There are no road markings at a toucan crossing
D There's a continuously flashing amber beacon at a toucan crossing
Correct Answer: A At a toucan crossing, cyclists can cross with pedestrians
Explanation: There are some crossings where cycle routes lead cyclists to cross at the same place as pedestrians. These are called toucan crossings. Always look out for cyclists, as they're likely to be approaching faster than pedestrians.
A Drive on, giving them plenty of room
B Give way to them
C Sound your horn and proceed
D Stop and wave at them to cross
Correct Answer: B Give way to them
Explanation: If you're turning into a side road, pedestrians already crossing the road have priority and you should give way to them. Don't
-wave them across the road
-sound your horn
-flash your headlights
-give any other misleading signal - other road users may misinterpret your signal and you might lead the pedestrian into a dangerous situation.
If a pedestrian is slow or indecisive, be patient and wait. Don't hurry them across by revving your engine.
A To help you choose the correct lane
B To help you keep the correct separation distance
C To tell you the distance to the roundabout
D To warn you to slow down
Correct Answer: D To warn you to slow down
Explanation: These lines are a device often found on the approach to a roundabout or a dangerous junction. They become closer together as you approach the hazard, warning you to slow down.
A As one complete crossing
B As one crossing in daylight only
C As two crossings during darkness
D As two separate crossings
Correct Answer: A As one complete crossing
Explanation: The lights that control the crossing show to both directions of traffic. If a pedestrian from either side is still crossing when the amber light is flashing, you must wait.
A Green alone
B Green and amber together
C Red alone
D Red and amber together
Correct Answer: C Red alone
Explanation: At junctions controlled by traffic lights, you must stop and wait behind the white line until the lights change to green. You may then proceed unless your exit road is blocked or it's not safe to do so, such as when pedestrians are crossing in front of you. After the green light, the amber light will show on its own for a short period, followed by the red light. When the amber light shows on its own, you should stop, providing it's safe to do so.