# LGV Theory Test

You have 115 minutes (1 hour 55 minutes) to answer 100 multiple choice LGV theory test questions. You must score at least 85 out of 100 to pass the test. Answers may be checked after each question or you can wait until the end of the test to view your results. Good luck!

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A Delay your delivery until after the rush hour
B Limit your stop to a maximum of 30 minutes
C Unload only within a 'red box' area
D Unload only within a 'white box' area
Explanation: White boxes allow you to unload at any time, but during the day the length of stay is restricted. You should check nearby signs for the specific times. At other times, when it's not so busy, there may not be any restrictions on parking.
B Give lifts to anyone for added security
C Keep your journeys to a strict routine
D Vary your routes and rest stops
Explanation: When carrying high-value goods, you can become a target for thieves. Avoid developing a set routine or pattern. Vary your routes whenever possible to make it difficult for thieves to predict when and where your cargo can be intercepted.
A Connect the brake lines
B Connect the electrical lines
C Raise the trailer legs
D Release the trailer parking brake
Correct Answer: D Release the trailer parking brake
Explanation: It's important to work methodically when uncoupling or recoupling a tractor unit and trailer. After recoupling, check that all connections, systems and lights are working correctly.
A Ropes are hard to tie
B Ropes are hard to untie
C Ropes can wear and snap
D Ropes will loosen in rain
Correct Answer: C Ropes can wear and snap
Explanation: When securing a load, the driver must use the most suitable type of restraint. Scrap metal is likely to have sharp edges that could wear through straps or ropes. Security of the load is the driver's responsibility; a load that has been correctly secured shouldn't move if an emergency arises.
A 40 mph
B 50 mph
C 60 mph
D 70 mph
Explanation: 60 mph may be the legal speed limit for a goods vehicle on a dual carriageway in England and Wales, but it doesn't mean that it's safe to drive at that speed. You should always take into account the road, weather and traffic conditions, and maintain safety margins.
A
B
C
D
Explanation: No motor vehicles are allowed past this sign. Although a motorcycle and car are shown, the restriction applies to all motor vehicles.
A The brakes will be less effective
B The lorry may overturn when cornering
C The lorry will become unstable under normal braking
D You'll need to change gear more often
Correct Answer: B The lorry may overturn when cornering
Explanation: If you're only carrying half a load on a double-deck lorry, this should be carried on the lower deck whenever possible. With only the top deck loaded, your lorry is top-heavy and at risk of overturning as you drive around bends or corners.
A When the load's height exceeds 4.00 metres [13 feet]
B When the load's height exceeds 4.30 metres [14 feet 2 inches]
C When the load's height exceeds 5.00 metres [16 feet 6 inches]
D When the load's height exceeds 5.25 metres [17 feet 6 inches]
Correct Answer: D When the load's height exceeds 5.25 metres [17 feet 6 inches]
Explanation: You should tell telephone companies about your intended route when planning the movement of loads over 5.25 metres [17 feet 6 inches] high. You should tell them in plenty of time before making the journey.
A Details of the goods carried
B The amount of daily rest taken prior to starting the shift
D The starting point of your day's journey
Explanation: Before starting your journey, you must record a number of items on your tachograph chart. One of these is where the journey begins.
A You can only use the right-hand lane
B You can use the middle or right-hand lane
C You can't leave the motorway at this junction
D You mustn't use the right-hand lane
Correct Answer: D You mustn't use the right-hand lane
Explanation: At motorway roadworks, some lanes may be narrower than normal and large vehicles may not be allowed to use those lanes. Look for weight-limit signs to check for any lanes that you can't use. Move to the appropriate lane in good time.
A The endurance brake
B The jake brake
C The parking brake
D The service brake
Correct Answer: D The service brake
Explanation: The service brake is usually operated by the brake pedal. It's used to control the speed of the vehicle and to bring it to a halt safely. It may also incorporate an anti-lock braking system.
A When it's being reversed
B When it's stationary
C When it's travelling empty
Correct Answer: C When it's travelling empty
Explanation: Take care if you're driving an empty high-sided vehicle when it's windy. Watch for places where the conditions could suddenly change, such as a gap between buildings or when passing under a bridge. Reduce your speed and stay alert for other road users who are also affected by these weather conditions.
A Changed weight limits
B Lane closures
C Minimum speed limits
D No restrictions for lorries
Explanation: In windy weather, exposed stretches of road may have lane closures or there may be diversions for some types of vehicle. Consider this when you're planning your journey; delays will add to your driving time.
A High-sided lorry
B Saloon car
C Single-deck bus
D Tractor unit
Explanation: High-sided vehicles are severely affected by side wind because of the large surface area of the bodywork. The risk of loss of control is increased if the vehicle is unladen.
A Install a new chart in the other vehicle
B Record your driving hours in a record book
C Take the chart with you and use it in the other vehicle
D Use the chart that's already in the other vehicle
Correct Answer: C Take the chart with you and use it in the other vehicle
Explanation: If you change vehicles during the working day, you should take your chart with you and use it in the next vehicle. This isn't always possible, however, as charts produced by different manufacturers may not be interchangeable. In this case, you should use another chart, making sure that all the information for the day is recorded.
A To leave more room for braking
B To make room for the trailer cutting in
C To make sure oncoming drivers see you
D To prevent anyone from overtaking
Correct Answer: B To make room for the trailer cutting in
Explanation: You should always be aware of the amount of room your trailer needs when it's going around bends and corners. If you need to go onto the other side of the road, make sure there's no oncoming traffic before you move out.
A
B
C
D
Explanation: Roll-over' usually happens as a result of the inside rear wheels of an articulated vehicle starting to lift when the driver changes direction sharply. This tends to happen when a driver is changing direction to leave a roundabout. If the load moves during the change of direction, the vehicle is increasingly at risk of rolling over. The problem often involves vehicles carrying fluids in bulk.
A Changing lanes
B Overtaking
C Stopping or parking
Correct Answer: C Stopping or parking
Explanation: The hours of operation of Red Routes vary from one area to another. As a rule, you mustn't stop on a Red Route, but there may be special marked boxes where loading and unloading can be carried out at certain times. Look out for signs giving information about the restrictions in place.
A Daily
B Monthly
C Weekly
D Yearly
Explanation: A fifth wheel must be maintained properly. It requires regular lubrication and inspection. This should be carried out monthly or every 10 000 km - whichever comes first.
A Heavy items at the front, light items at the rear
B Heavy items near the centre line, light items towards the sides
C Light items at the front, heavy items at the rear
D Light items near the centre line, heavy items towards the sides
Correct Answer: B Heavy items near the centre line, light items towards the sides
Explanation: To achieve maximum stability, the load should be placed to keep the centre of gravity as low as possible. To do this, heavy items should be placed close to the centre line and spread over the full length of the vehicle. Lighter items should be placed along the sides.
A Damage to the road surface
B Damage to the tachograph
C Increased tyre life
D Reduced tyre temperature
Explanation: Overloading an axle has an impact on the environment, causing damage to road surfaces. You also risk a fine and driving penalties.
A Beer barrels
B Bulk grain
C Chemicals
D Sugar
Explanation: Some highly dangerous chemicals have to be transported at prescribed temperatures. Drivers must be fully trained in the use of these specially designed, temperature-controlled vehicles.
A Drivers' hours records
B Exhaust emissions
C Red diesel
D Vehicle defects
Explanation: HMRC can check the type of fuel you're using, and the type and legality of your load. Red diesel is dyed gas oil with a lower tax than regular diesel. It can only be used in agricultural and construction vehicles (such as tractors). Red diesel mustn't be used in freight transport.
A Apply the trailer parking brake
B Disconnect the electrical line
C Drain the air tanks
D Lower the landing gear
Correct Answer: A Apply the trailer parking brake
Explanation: Whenever you uncouple a trailer, you must work through the uncoupling process methodically. Start by making sure that the brakes are applied on both the vehicle and the trailer.
A They can be given three warnings
B They can be heavily fined
C They can be let off if they're new to using tachographs
D They can have their passport withdrawn
Correct Answer: B They can be heavily fined
Explanation: The driver must take responsibility and follow the drivers' hours and tachograph rules. Failure to do so can result in legal action and penalties - such as a fine.
A Carry enough approved charts
B Reuse charts twice
C Use damaged charts if they're clean
D Use dirty charts if they're undamaged
Correct Answer: A Carry enough approved charts
Explanation: Make sure you carry enough approved tachograph charts for your journey. Store your spare charts in a plastic wallet to keep them clean and undamaged.
A 10 hours
B 7 hours
C 8 hours
D 9 hours
Explanation: Under EU rules, you must have a minimum daily rest of 11 consecutive hours. A reduced daily rest period is any period of rest of at least 9 hours, but less than 11 hours.
A 3.6 metres [11 feet 10 inches]
B 4.4 metres [14 feet 5 inches]
C 4.8 metres [16 feet]
D 5 metres [16 feet 6 inches]
Correct Answer: D 5 metres [16 feet 6 inches]
Explanation: The headroom under bridges in the UK is at least 5 metres [16 feet 6 inches], unless otherwise stated. Where the overhead clearance is arched, this headroom is normally only between the limits marked.
A Check the casualty's airway
B Make a list of witnesses
C Sweep up any loose debris
D Take the numbers of the vehicles involved
Correct Answer: A Check the casualty's airway
Explanation: At a traffic incident, the danger of further collisions and fire needs to be dealt with first. Then you should deal with injuries in this order: airway, breathing, compressions and bleeding. Don't remove a motorcyclist's helmet unless it's essential to do so.
A Clear debris from the road
B Give injured people a warm drink
C Keep injured people on the move by walking them around
D Keep injured people warm and comfortable
Correct Answer: D Keep injured people warm and comfortable
Explanation: If you stop to give help at an incident and there are casualties, don't move injured people unless there's further danger. Keep them warm, comfortable and calm. Don't give them anything to drink.
A Ask everyone who isn't injured to leave
B Offer a calming cigarette to those involved
C Take photographs of the scene
D Warn other traffic to prevent further collisions
Correct Answer: D Warn other traffic to prevent further collisions
Explanation: Warn other traffic of the incident, without putting yourself or others at risk. Once the danger of further collisions is dealt with, call the emergency services. While you're waiting for them to arrive, keeping casualties or witnesses calm is important, but never offer a cigarette because of the risk of fire.
A Clear the road of debris
B Give the rider reassurance
C Move the rider out of the road
D Warn other traffic
Correct Answer: D Warn other traffic
Explanation: At the scene of an incident, the first priority is to prevent any further collisions by warning traffic. You can warn other traffic by switching on hazard warning lights or displaying an advance warning triangle, or by any other appropriate means.
A A fault with the power-assisted steering
B A faulty parking brake
C A loss of air-brake pressure
Correct Answer: A A fault with the power-assisted steering
Explanation: If the steering becomes heavy, the power-assisted steering may have failed. It's also possible that your vehicle has a puncture or the load might have shifted. You should stop safely, investigate the cause and call for help if necessary.
A By avoiding high gears
B By braking in good time
C By increasing your overall speed
D By reducing rest periods
Correct Answer: B By braking in good time
Explanation: Good forward planning will reduce fuel consumption and engine emissions. This will cause less wear on the vehicle and its tyres, as well as reducing environmental pollution.
A Close and secure the filler cap
B Place the drip tray correctly
C Stop refuelling when the tank is half full
D Use a filtered fuel system
Correct Answer: A Close and secure the filler cap
Explanation: Fuel spilled on the road is a serious danger to other road users, especially motorcyclists. To prevent this from happening, make sure the filler cap is secure after refuelling.
B Give way
C Stop
D Turn right
Explanation: The 'Stop' sign is the only sign in the shape of a hexagon. This helps you to recognise it even when the wording can't be seen.
A Hold back until you can see clearly ahead
B Move to the right to get a better view
C Overtake the other driver as quickly as possible
Explanation: You won't be able to see any hazards that might be out of sight in the dip. As well as oncoming traffic, there may be cyclists, horse riders, parked vehicles or pedestrians hidden from view. Only start to overtake when you can see the road ahead is clear, giving you enough time to overtake safely.
A You could be accused of assault
B You could cause more injury
C You could damage your back
D You could get blood on your hands
Correct Answer: B You could cause more injury
Explanation: Be especially careful about moving casualties at the scene of an incident. Inexperienced handling of a casualty could cause more injury, or even prove to be fatal. Only move casualties if they're in danger; for example, from fire.
A No stopping at any time
B No stopping at peak times
C Stop only to pick up passengers
D Stop only to set down passengers
Correct Answer: A No stopping at any time
Explanation: This traffic sign means no stopping on the main carriageway at any time, not even to set down passengers. However, you may stop in a lay-by.
Explanation: You'll need to identify the sign in time, so that you can select an appropriate gear.
Explanation: Some signs can look similar to others but each one has a different meaning. For example, this one looks a little like the sign for a hump bridge. Learn the meaning of every sign to prepare yourself for how to react to them.
A Blue diesel
B High-sulphur diesel
C Low-sulphur diesel
D Red diesel
Explanation: Low-sulphur diesel reduces the levels of sulphur-dioxide particles in exhaust emissions. It's widely available and makes a contribution to reducing emissions that are harmful to human health.
A Check a map as you keep moving with the traffic
B Drive on until you find a safe place to stop
C Shout to other drivers to ask them the way
D Stop at traffic lights and ask pedestrians
Correct Answer: B Drive on until you find a safe place to stop
Explanation: Driving in heavy traffic needs 100% concentration. If you become lost, find a safe place to stop before checking a map or asking for directions. Don't risk losing concentration by glancing at a map while driving, even if you're in traffic that keeps stopping.
A The vehicle will become unstable on corners
B You'll break the law and risk prosecution
Correct Answer: B You'll break the law and risk prosecution
Explanation: It's a legal requirement that your tyres have at least the minimum permitted depth of tread and are in good condition before you start any journey. Make sure that you inspect them before setting off, and at regular intervals.
A In the driver's cab
B In the engine bay
C On the weight plate
D On the windscreen
Correct Answer: A In the driver's cab
Explanation: It's a legal requirement that information about a vehicle's height can be seen by the driver from their seat. It's important to know the height of your vehicle so that you can avoid any height restrictions on your route.
A Continuous use of the air conditioning
B Continuous use of the air suspension
C Continuous use of the electrical retarder
D Continuous use of the mirrors
Correct Answer: A Continuous use of the air conditioning
Explanation: Use your air conditioning only when it's absolutely necessary. Running it continuously increases overall fuel consumption by up to 15%.
B By driving slowly
C By regular cleaning
D By regular servicing
Correct Answer: D By regular servicing
Explanation: Following the vehicle manufacturer's guidelines for service intervals will enable worn components to be replaced before they fail. This will help prevent costly breakdowns.
A Exhaust emissions could be reduced
B Some gaskets might be damaged
C The handling may improve
D You could wait longer before the next service
Explanation: If you overfill the engine with oil, you could cause the engine to build up too much pressure when it's running. This could cause damage to oil seals and gaskets.
A Drive to the nearest fire station
B Empty the air tanks
C Open the engine housing wide
D Shut off the fuel supply
Correct Answer: D Shut off the fuel supply
Explanation: An engine fire is serious. If the fire breaches the fuel lines, it can easily spread to the fuel tank. If that happens, both the vehicle and its cargo will probably be lost. Therefore, your priority is to shut off the fuel supply.
A When braking
B When changing gear
C When overtaking
D When reversing
Explanation: Plan well ahead before overtaking. Be aware that a speed limiter may cause you difficulties when overtaking another vehicle, particularly when climbing a hill.
A A car
B A flat-bed lorry
D A motorcycle
Explanation: The lighter the vehicle, the more likely it is to be affected by the buffeting from your vehicle in windy weather. Give motorcyclists and cyclists extra room when you overtake them, as your vehicle's draught can easily upset their control and balance.
A Brake more gently
B Brake much later
C Maintain steering control
D Stop over a long distance
Correct Answer: C Maintain steering control
Explanation: Anti-lock brakes are a driver aid, and can help you maintain steering control while braking. However, you mustn't rely on them to get you out of trouble or expect to be able to make sudden direction changes if you're going too fast.
A As one continuous crossing
B As one crossing in daylight only
C As two crossings during darkness
D As two separate crossings
Correct Answer: A As one continuous crossing
Explanation: A pelican crossing that goes straight across the road must be treated as one continuous crossing even if it has a central island. The lights controlling the crossing show to both directions of traffic. You must give way to pedestrians who are still crossing when the amber light is flashing.
Explanation: It's important to know what's happening behind as well as ahead. Your mirrors must always be clean and properly adjusted.
A Carry on, but drive slowly
B Leave the motorway at the next exit
C Stop on the hard shoulder for a rest
D Try to complete your journey more quickly
Correct Answer: B Leave the motorway at the next exit
Explanation: Don't continue to drive if you feel the onset of tiredness. Find a safe place to stop for a rest. Walking around in the fresh air during your break will help but it's no substitute for adequate rest.
A It takes longer to stop
B It's more difficult to keep to speed limits
C There'll be an increase in traffic
D You'll have reduced visibility
Correct Answer: D You'll have reduced visibility
Explanation: You must be able to stop safely in the distance that you can see to be clear ahead. This will be the distance illuminated by your headlights or by street lights and will generally be less than you can see in daylight.
A They may accelerate briskly in front of you
B They may be moving faster than you
C They may cut in sharply behind you
D They may move back to the middle lane as you move out
Correct Answer: D They may move back to the middle lane as you move out
Explanation: Vehicles overtaking in the right-hand lane may return to the centre lane when they've finished their manoeuvre. You should look for this before starting to pull out. Don't rely on the size of your vehicle to claim right of way.
A They might be emerging from the side road
B They might be following you closely
C They might be overtaking on your left
D They might be overtaking on your right
Explanation: Never attempt to change direction to the right without checking your right-hand mirror. A motorcyclist might not have seen your signal and could have decided to overtake. This action should be a matter of routine.
A Cyclists aren't permitted
B Pedestrians and cyclists may cross
C There's a continuously flashing amber beacon
D You only stop when a pedestrian is waiting
Correct Answer: B Pedestrians and cyclists may cross
Explanation: Toucan crossings can be used by cyclists and pedestrians. Some cycle routes lead cyclists to these crossings. Always look out for cyclists, as they're likely to be approaching much faster than pedestrians.
A Be patient and allow them to cross in their own time
B Rev the engine to let them know that you're waiting
C Tap the horn in case they're hard of hearing
D Wave them across so they know that you've seen them
Correct Answer: A Be patient and allow them to cross in their own time
Explanation: Don't hurry elderly people across the road by getting too close to them or revving the engine. Be aware that they might take longer to cross. They might also have hearing difficulties and not hear you approaching.
A It's a quicker route
B The Highway Code doesn't apply to cyclists
C They may use the left-hand lane to turn right
D They're going to turn left instead
Correct Answer: C They may use the left-hand lane to turn right
Explanation: Cycling in today's heavy traffic can be hazardous. Some cyclists might not feel happy about crossing the path of traffic to take up a position in an outside lane. Be aware of this and understand that, although they're in the left-hand lane, the cyclist might be turning right.
A To allow an unobstructed view of the area
B To allow schoolchildren to be dropped off
C To allow schoolchildren to be picked up
D To allow teachers to park
Correct Answer: A To allow an unobstructed view of the area
Explanation: Keeping the markings clear ensures that drivers and riders passing and children crossing have a clear, unrestricted view of each other.
A Bicycles
B Horse riders
C Motorcycles
D Pedestrians
Explanation: On a quiet country road, always be aware that there may be a hazard just around the next bend, such as a slow-moving vehicle or pedestrians. There might not be a pavement and people may be walking on your side of the road.
B Go in any direction
C Turn left
D Turn right
Correct Answer: B Go in any direction
Explanation: Horses and their riders will move more slowly than other road users. They might not have time to cut across heavy traffic to take up a position in the offside lane when they're turning right; it could also be hazardous for them to do so. Therefore, a horse and rider may approach a roundabout in the left-hand lane, even though they're turning right.
A Rely on CCTV cameras seeing you
C Switch on hazard warning lights
D Wait for the police to find you
Correct Answer: C Switch on hazard warning lights
Explanation: If your vehicle breaks down in a tunnel, it could present a danger to other traffic. First, switch on your hazard warning lights. If there are passengers in your vehicle, take them to the nearest exit point. You should then call for help from an emergency telephone. Don't rely on being found by the police or being seen by a CCTV camera. The longer a vehicle stays in an exposed position, the more danger it poses to other traffic.
A Brake firmly to a stop
B Drive to the next service area
C Hold the steering wheel firmly
D Loosen your grip on the steering wheel
Correct Answer: C Hold the steering wheel firmly
Explanation: A front tyre bursting will seriously reduce your control of the vehicle. Keep calm and resist the temptation to brake hard or swerve. Hold the steering wheel firmly and try to get the vehicle onto the hard shoulder while allowing it to slow down gradually. Stop as far to the left as possible and switch on your hazard warning lights.
A Drive alongside them
B Give them extra room
C Stay close behind them
D Try to pass them
Correct Answer: B Give them extra room
Explanation: Good forward planning can help you keep other road users out of trouble. Information to help you do this is available if you look for it. Watch for clues: for example, a motorcyclist taking a 'lifesaver' look over their shoulder could be about to change direction.
A Overtake without any delay
B Sound your horn as you get close
C Stay close behind until you can pass
D Stay well back and allow them room
Correct Answer: D Stay well back and allow them room
Explanation: On a poor road surface, the rider may need to move out to avoid potholes. You may not get much warning. A look to the right or a 'lifesaver' check may warn you that they're about to move out. Stay well back and allow the rider plenty of room until you can pass safely.
A Four days
B One day
C Three days
D Two days
Explanation: Under EU rules, your normal daily driving time mustn't exceed nine hours. This nine-hour period is defined as the time between
• any two daily rest periods, or
• a daily rest period and a weekly rest period.
You're allowed to extend these hours to 10 hours twice a week.
A Five times as long
B Four times as long
C Ten times as long
D Twice as long
Correct Answer: C Ten times as long
Explanation: In icy or snowy weather, your stopping distance can increase by up to ten times. Because snowy weather increases the distance needed to stop, you must look further ahead and leave an increased safety margin.
A It causes less tyre wear
B It makes it easier for you to steer
C It only works at high speeds
D It prevents you from oversteering
Correct Answer: B It makes it easier for you to steer
Explanation: Power-assisted steering operates when the engine is running. If a fault develops, much greater effort is required to turn the steering wheel. Don't attempt to drive a vehicle if you're aware of a fault in the power-steering system.
A Always operating in cool weather
B Frequent gear changing in varying conditions
C Mixing tyres with different tread depth
D Running tyres under-inflated
Correct Answer: D Running tyres under-inflated
Explanation: Tyres can become very hot during sustained high-speed driving. If they're under-inflated or damaged, there's a risk they'll burst or disintegrate. Check for excessive heat when you stop for a break.
A A burst rear tyre
D Faulty power steering
Correct Answer: D Faulty power steering
Explanation: Modern large vehicles are fitted with power-assisted steering. If the steering feels heavy, then there's likely to be a fault, which should be investigated and repaired as soon as possible.
A Cyclists
B Horse riders
C Motorcyclists
D Trams
Explanation: A toucan crossing is signal-controlled, but unlike a pelican crossing it doesn't have a flashing amber light in the sequence. Cyclists and pedestrians cross together, and cyclists are allowed to ride their bicycles over the crossing.
A As a place to stop for a short rest when you're tired
B As a place to stop to answer a mobile phone
C As a place to stop to check a road atlas
D As a place to stop when an emergency arises
Correct Answer: D As a place to stop when an emergency arises
Explanation: When an emergency arises, pull onto the hard shoulder and use the emergency telephone to report your problem. You'll be connected to an operator, who will put you through to a breakdown service. Never cross the carriageway or a slip road to use a telephone.
A Make sure that all spray-suppression equipment is working
B Make sure that the gear lever is in neutral
C Make sure that there's no mist on your rear-view mirrors
D Make sure that your vehicle is travelling in a straight line
Correct Answer: D Make sure that your vehicle is travelling in a straight line
Explanation: If you need to brake when the road surface is wet, do so while your vehicle is travelling in a straight line. This will reduce the risk of skidding. As a professional driver, you should routinely brake in good time, so that you don't brake and change direction at the same time.
A Allow extra room in case the rider swerves to avoid potholes
B Drive close behind and get ready to overtake
C Drive closely to shield the rider
D Leave less room so the rider can see you in their mirrors
Correct Answer: A Allow extra room in case the rider swerves to avoid potholes
Explanation: Never follow any road user too closely. This is particularly important when you're following scooter or motorcycle riders, or cyclists. They might brake or swerve suddenly; for example, to avoid a pothole on a road with a poor surface.
A Drive close behind and sound your horn
B Flag the driver down and explain the mistake
C Keep calm and don't retaliate
D Overtake and sound your horn
Correct Answer: C Keep calm and don't retaliate
Explanation: Sometimes other road users disobey the rules or make errors of judgement. Try to accept this calmly and learn from their mistakes.
B Let them know how you feel
D Stay calm and don't retaliate
Correct Answer: D Stay calm and don't retaliate
Explanation: Sometimes other drivers or riders make a mistake. If this happens, try not to let it worry you. Don't react by sounding the horn, flashing your headlights or shouting at the other driver; it won't help the situation. A professional driver will remain calm and stay focused on their driving.
A Raise their legs to help with circulation
B Remove any obstruction from their mouth
C Tilt their head as far forward as possible
D Try to give them something to drink
Correct Answer: B Remove any obstruction from their mouth
Explanation: To help a casualty who isn't breathing, you should remove any obstructions from their mouth and tilt their head back slightly. These actions will help to keep their airway clear and maintain the correct position if mouth-to-mouth resuscitation is required.
A It will be impounded until a new driver is found
B It will be ordered back to the depot to unload goods or passengers
C It will be prohibited from further use until the defects are rectified
D It will be restricted to 30 mph for the remainder of the journey
Correct Answer: C It will be prohibited from further use until the defects are rectified
Explanation: DVSA or the police can order an immediate prohibition. The vehicle may be immobilised and you won't be able to drive it until the faults have been rectified. Details are notified to the traffic commissioner. Never use a vehicle that you know is faulty.
A Minimum temperature
B Running pressure
C Speed capability
Explanation: Codes are shown on the wall of the tyre. These refer to the maximum load and speed capability of the tyre.
B Reset the retarder
C Stop the engine
D Switch off the tachograph
Correct Answer: C Stop the engine
Explanation: Before leaving your vehicle parked, you must stop the engine. The parking brake must be set and the vehicle should be safe and secure when you leave the cab.
A Edge out slowly so other traffic will see you
B Move forward and wait in the middle
C Move out, blocking traffic from the right
D Wait until it's clear in both directions
Correct Answer: D Wait until it's clear in both directions
Explanation: When turning right onto a dual carriageway, don't stop in the gap in the central reservation unless your vehicle will fit in the gap without any overhang. When it's busy, consider turning left and using a roundabout further up the road so you don't have to cross the central reservation.
B Other drivers
C Other motorcyclists
Explanation: The main reason why there are so many collisions at junctions is that drivers fail to see motorcyclists. A bright jacket or single headlight may help you identify an approaching motorcyclist, but you should be aware that not all motorcyclists wear bright clothing or use their headlights during the day.
A Alcoholics Anonymous
B The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
C The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency
D The local hospital
Correct Answer: B The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
Explanation: If you're disqualified from driving because you were two-and-a-half times over the legal limit, you'll be classified as a high-risk offender. Before you can regain your licence, you'll have to satisfy the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) that you don't have an alcohol problem.
B Stop to allow children to cross
C You mustn't drive over these lines
D You mustn't wait or park on these lines
Correct Answer: D You mustn't wait or park on these lines
Explanation: Parking on the yellow zigzag lines will block the view of the school entrance. This will endanger the lives of children wanting to cross the road on their way to and from school.
A Double hump bridge
C Rumble strips
Explanation: Slow down when you see a warning sign for an uneven road. Be especially careful if you're carrying passengers, livestock or fragile items.
A Be cautious and keep looking all around
B Concentrate solely on your blind areas
C Expect others to be aware of your course
D Rely on a clear path behind
Correct Answer: A Be cautious and keep looking all around
Explanation: Don't rely on an audible warning device to claim right of way. It's your responsibility to be cautious and take all-round observation while you're reversing.
A A motoring organisation
B The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
Correct Answer: A A motoring organisation
Explanation: Most motoring organisation websites allow you to create a detailed plan of your trip, showing directions and distances. Some also include advice on rest and fuel stops. The Traffic England website will give you information on roadworks and incidents, along with expected delay times.
A You would create a false tachograph reading
B You would damage the engine
C You would have optimum fuel economy
D You would improve engine efficiency
Correct Answer: B You would damage the engine
Explanation: Driving with the rev counter in the red band will cause the engine to wear prematurely and can lead to expensive repairs. This could result in the vehicle being off the road for some time.
A Eat a big meal in the middle of your shift
B Eat a meal at the beginning of your shift
C Eat lots of snacks while you're driving
D Eat nothing during your period of work
Correct Answer: B Eat a meal at the beginning of your shift
Explanation: Concentration will be improved by eating regular, light meals timed to fit in with your scheduled rest periods. If you don't eat at all, your blood sugar levels will drop and you'll feel tired. If you just eat snack foods, most of which are sugary or high in fat, your energy levels will peak and then drop - and eating while you're driving is a dangerous distraction.
A One of 10 minutes, plus one of 35
B One of 15 minutes, plus one of 30
C One of 20 minutes, plus one of 25
D One of 40 minutes, plus one of 5
Correct Answer: B One of 15 minutes, plus one of 30
Explanation: Under EU regulations, you must take a break of at least 45 minutes after four-and-a-half hours of driving. You may choose to take this break during the driving period. In this case, it can be split into two breaks of at least 15 and 30 minutes, taken in that order.
A Drive out of the tunnel
B Stop and leave the vehicle immediately
C Stop and put out the fire
D Stop at the side of the tunnel
Correct Answer: A Drive out of the tunnel
Explanation: If your vehicle catches fire in a tunnel, you should first try to drive it out - but only if you can do so safely.
A Accelerating rapidly
B Avoiding block changing
C Being aware of hazards
D Using air conditioning
Correct Answer: C Being aware of hazards
Explanation: Driving in an ecosafe manner means that you plan well ahead for hazards and react in good time. This can save fuel and is therefore good for the environment.
A On the operator's licence
B On the vehicle plate
C On the weighbridge printout
D On the wheel rims
Correct Answer: B On the vehicle plate
Explanation: Individual axle weights are shown on the vehicle plate. This can be found in a prominent place on both the vehicle and trailer.
A The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency
B The authorised calibration centre
C The driver's employer
D The local MOT testing centre
Correct Answer: C The driver's employer
Explanation: The driver's employer is responsible for the issue of tachograph charts. The driver must ensure that the correct information is recorded on the chart.
A Clear a parking area for the emergency services
B Get the casualties to drink something sweet
C Make sure the emergency services have been called
D Pull people who are hurt out of their vehicles
Correct Answer: C Make sure the emergency services have been called
Explanation: Make sure you or someone else has called the emergency services. Check the casualties and, if you feel able to give first aid, do so. Alternatively, ask any bystanders if they can help.
A Fuel and water tanks will leak
B Only cars may park here
C Parking restrictions apply
D Soft verges